Austerity: Greece Braces for New Troika Onslaught on Workers’ Rights

2 August by ITUC-CSI

CC - Flickr - Sascha Kohlmann - Athens № 22 - Merchant

Greek workers are preparing for yet more attacks on their fundamental rights as the IMF IMF
International Monetary Fund
Along with the World Bank, the IMF was founded on the day the Bretton Woods Agreements were signed. Its first mission was to support the new system of standard exchange rates.

When the Bretton Wood fixed rates system came to an end in 1971, the main function of the IMF became that of being both policeman and fireman for global capital: it acts as policeman when it enforces its Structural Adjustment Policies and as fireman when it steps in to help out governments in risk of defaulting on debt repayments.

As for the World Bank, a weighted voting system operates: depending on the amount paid as contribution by each member state. 85% of the votes is required to modify the IMF Charter (which means that the USA with 17,68% % of the votes has a de facto veto on any change).

The institution is dominated by five countries: the United States (16,74%), Japan (6,23%), Germany (5,81%), France (4,29%) and the UK (4,29%).
The other 183 member countries are divided into groups led by one country. The most important one (6,57% of the votes) is led by Belgium. The least important group of countries (1,55% of the votes) is led by Gabon and brings together African countries.

http://imf.org
/EU/European Central Bank Central Bank The establishment which in a given State is in charge of issuing bank notes and controlling the volume of currency and credit. In France, it is the Banque de France which assumes this role under the auspices of the European Central Bank (see ECB) while in the UK it is the Bank of England.

ECB : http://www.bankofengland.co.uk/Pages/home.aspx
Troika Troika Troika: IMF, European Commission and European Central Bank, which together impose austerity measures through the conditions tied to loans to countries in difficulty.

IMF : https://www.ecb.europa.eu/home/html/index.en.html
’, at the urging of the IMF, prepares to impose a new round of cuts to minimum wages, weakening of laws protecting workers facing dismissal and further erosion of trade union rights as creditors position themselves in advance of an Autumn review of the “adjustment programme” for Greece.

Greece’s national trade union centre GSEE has learned that a 21-page directive sent to Greek officials includes measures that would cut the minimum wage for skilled and experienced workers by around 30% as from 2017.

Other measures include increasing the voting threshold for strike action, new “lock-out” provisions for employers even though the Greek employer organisations have not sought such a measure, interference in the collection of membership dues by unions, and changing the rules for union representation.

On 19 July, an agreement was reached between the GSEE and the country’s three employer organisations |1| following up on a 2014 agreement reached between them in Geneva with the assistance of the ILO. The Geneva agreement called for a “stable and uninhibited disbursement system of workers’ contributions”, identified key areas of common ground between the unions and employers, and included a commitment to social dialogue on issues where agreement had yet to be reached.

ITUC General Secretary Sharan Burrow said “The austerity measures already inflicted upon Greece’s workers have been a fiasco from an economic point of view, and have meant impoverishment and hardship for millions of Greek people, with the unemployment rate at 24%. The prescription has already failed, but the IMF IMF
International Monetary Fund
Along with the World Bank, the IMF was founded on the day the Bretton Woods Agreements were signed. Its first mission was to support the new system of standard exchange rates.

When the Bretton Wood fixed rates system came to an end in 1971, the main function of the IMF became that of being both policeman and fireman for global capital: it acts as policeman when it enforces its Structural Adjustment Policies and as fireman when it steps in to help out governments in risk of defaulting on debt repayments.

As for the World Bank, a weighted voting system operates: depending on the amount paid as contribution by each member state. 85% of the votes is required to modify the IMF Charter (which means that the USA with 17,68% % of the votes has a de facto veto on any change).

The institution is dominated by five countries: the United States (16,74%), Japan (6,23%), Germany (5,81%), France (4,29%) and the UK (4,29%).
The other 183 member countries are divided into groups led by one country. The most important one (6,57% of the votes) is led by Belgium. The least important group of countries (1,55% of the votes) is led by Gabon and brings together African countries.

http://imf.org
seems to think that administering even more toxic medicine will somehow bring the economy back to health. Despite its assertions that it would consult with unions, the IMF has not done so. It simply seems intent on driving yet more destructive deregulation which would drive domestic demand further downwards and do nothing to help Greece onto a pathway of sustainable and equitable growth. Instead of dictating change based on outdated economic thinking, the IMF and the European institutions should engage in a constructive and serious dialogue with the Greek government, unions and employers, to build a positive pathway for recovery and prosperity.”


Source: ITUC

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