EU in crisis

Even the Police can’t stop the first signs of a European Spring

20 March 2013 by Corporate Europe Observatory

After months of preparation, the days of action organised by the coalition For a European Spring erupted into life last week. However, here in Brussels the police tried to stop it: first banning a peaceful demonstration and then arbitrarily arresting people after a peaceful occupation of the European Commission’s ‘Austerity HQ’. But despite their efforts, the seeds have now been sown, and the pan-European movement against undemocratic and destructive austerity policies is growing.

For a European Spring, Against Austerity

For a European Spring, a coalition of more than 30 groups from 13 countries, came together to reject the European Union’s consistent response to the economic crisis: austerity. In Northern and Southern Europe, we’re witnessing the dismantling of the welfare state, snowballing unemployment and rapidly falling living standards. That’s why the coalition felt that the EU Spring Summit, where political leaders gather to discuss further austerity measures, was the perfect opportunity to send a loud, clear message from the people of Europe that we reject the undemocratic imposition of austerity.

The coalition declared 13Th March as a day of decentralised action, with marches, seminars, general assemblies, and many other activities taking place across Europe while the 14th was a day of concentrated action in Brussels for all Europeans.

Come on a magical Austeritour

In unison with people in Spain, Italy, France, the UK, the Netherlands, Denmark, Poland, Germany, Austria, Slovenia and Greece, in Belgium we organised our own decentralised action: an Austerity Tour of the European institutions as well as the financial and industrial lobbies Lobby
A lobby is an entity organized to represent and defend the interests of a specific group by exerting pressure or influence on persons or institutions that hold power. Lobbying consists in conducting actions aimed at influencing, directly or indirectly, the drafting, application or interpretation of legislative measures, standards, regulations and more generally any intervention or decision by the Public Authorities.
that have been at the heart of the austerity drive. Accompanied by a samba band and slogan-chanting, the tour weaved through Brussel’s EU quarter, beginning with an action at the International Swaps and Derivatives Derivatives A family of financial products that includes mainly options, futures, swaps and their combinations, all related to other assets (shares, bonds, raw materials and commodities, interest rates, indices, etc.) from which they are by nature inseparable—options on shares, futures contracts on an index, etc. Their value depends on and is derived from (thus the name) that of these other assets. There are derivatives involving a firm commitment (currency futures, interest-rate or exchange swaps) and derivatives involving a conditional commitment (options, warrants, etc.). Association (whose activities were declared a risk to public health and the economy, and therefore quarantined – see pictures). After taking in the European Banking Federation, the Spanish Embassy, the repeatedly-bailed out Belfius Bank and the European Commission, the tour ended at Aquafed, the lobby responsible for pushing water privatisation on behalf of the big water corporates. A staged ’tug-o-war’ for control of water – between the Troika Troika Troika: IMF, European Commission and European Central Bank, which together impose austerity measures through the conditions tied to loans to countries in difficulty.

(the IMF IMF
International Monetary Fund
Along with the World Bank, the IMF was founded on the day the Bretton Woods Agreements were signed. Its first mission was to support the new system of standard exchange rates.

When the Bretton Wood fixed rates system came to an end in 1971, the main function of the IMF became that of being both policeman and fireman for global capital: it acts as policeman when it enforces its Structural Adjustment Policies and as fireman when it steps in to help out governments in risk of defaulting on debt repayments.

As for the World Bank, a weighted voting system operates: depending on the amount paid as contribution by each member state. 85% of the votes is required to modify the IMF Charter (which means that the USA with 17,68% % of the votes has a de facto veto on any change).

The institution is dominated by five countries: the United States (16,74%), Japan (6,23%), Germany (5,81%), France (4,29%) and the UK (4,29%).
The other 183 member countries are divided into groups led by one country. The most important one (6,57% of the votes) is led by Belgium. The least important group of countries (1,55% of the votes) is led by Gabon and brings together African countries.
, the Commission and the European Central Bank Central Bank The establishment which in a given State is in charge of issuing bank notes and controlling the volume of currency and credit. In France, it is the Banque de France which assumes this role under the auspices of the European Central Bank (see ECB) while in the UK it is the Bank of England.

) and the people – ended in favour of the people. But the real world battle is still far from one, although this short animated video shows what great campaigning is currently ongoing. A secret ’unannounced’ stop took everyone on the tour to Business Europe, the city’s biggest lobbying association. There we joined them in celebrating their unbridled success during these austere times. Their members are the main beneficiaries of the Troika’s enforced privatisation.

Exercising our right to protest

The original day of mobilisation envisaged by For a European Spring was going to begin at the Belgium’s central bank and march through Brussels, making our message loud and clear. However, the march was banned by the police on the grounds that they couldn’t safely oversee it, but in doing so they denied us our basic right to freedom of assembly and voicing opposition. MEPs from across Europe came out and denounced the police decision, but it’s symptomatic of a wider attack on all critical voices that have been brave enough to speak out against austerity. However, those who came to Brussels on 14th March were not disappointed. Hundreds of activists arriving in their busses joined the national trade union demonstration, forming a bloc alongside critical trade unionists and militant metal workers, many of whom are already feeling the impacts of austerity after losing their jobs.

Occupy the Troika

The second part of the day was the most exhilarating: occupying the EU Commission building responsible for imposing austerity, the Directorate General Economic and Financial Affairs (DG ECFIN). The building is home to Olli Rehn, the Commissioner for DG ECFIN who is currently behind the plans to tax all Cypriot bank account holders who have under €100,000. Holding a general assembly in the canteen, groups from around Europe shared the experiences of austerity in their own country, as well as what they were doing to fight back. A peaceful, happy and empowering act of civil disobedience, building bonds between groups. There was a definite feeling that we are fighting the same beast in our separate countries, but that through fighting together we become much stronger. The police had other ideas, violently arresting 32 people despite protestors complying with all police orders.

The harsh police response is not just indicative of the wider repression against dissent, but it also shows how successful we were in rattling the established institutions of power, catching them unawares on the day of an EU summit. Our action even divided the police themselves: those arrested overheard arguments between officers as many agreed with the motives and actions of For a European Spring. The media, also, were out in force to report on it, and not just the usual outlets: the New York Times was also very favourable.

There have so far been no charges, and we are fighting back against the police violence and repression through our legal team – which includes forcing people to sign documents without translation, as well as taking the photos and fingerprints of everyone. The media will also be an important ally. While police brutality is a traumatic experience for all involved, it’s creating space for a real discussion on civil liberties and popular will in the face of austerity.

Next steps

The shared experiences in Brussels have been the result of collective endeavour over years and months, and have built trust and empathy and strengthened our common vision for a bottom-up people-focused democracy. But It doesn’t stop here. The World Social Forum is taking place on the weekend of 22 March, connecting European struggles to those in North Africa and beyond; European movements are already planning for Blockupy Frankfurt 2.0 on 31 May, targeting the European Central Bank ECB
European Central Bank
The European Central Bank is a European institution based in Frankfurt, founded in 1998, to which the countries of the Eurozone have transferred their monetary powers. Its official role is to ensure price stability by combating inflation within that Zone. Its three decision-making organs (the Executive Board, the Governing Council and the General Council) are composed of governors of the central banks of the member states and/or recognized specialists. According to its statutes, it is politically ‘independent’ but it is directly influenced by the world of finance.
; the Alter Summit in Athens on 7-8 June will also be an opportunity to strengthen ties and build momentum. And then there will be future EU Summits, as well as struggles at the national level than can be reinforced.

Those fortunate enough to share Share A unit of ownership interest in a corporation or financial asset, representing one part of the total capital stock. Its owner (a shareholder) is entitled to receive an equal distribution of any profits distributed (a dividend) and to attend shareholder meetings. in the success of the two days of action in Brussels, as well as the multitude of events across Europe, know that this was just a beginning, a small step on a much longer road. But being there and seeing what we achieved, one can’t help but feel that the austere winter could soon thaw to reveal a European Spring.

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