SL Govt - Stop Labeling Student Protesters and Activists as Terrorists!

28 August by Collective


Picture credit : War on Want

We are a group of feminists writing to call urgent attention to the extra-constitutional attempts of the Government of Sri Lanka (GoSL) to suppress dissent. Lacking a popular mandate, hunting down student protesters and activists, including a LGBTIQ activist has become a central strategy of the political elite to retain power. The latest move by the GoSL is to brand three student leaders and the student union they represent, the Inter University Student Federation (IUSF), as ‘terrorists’.

Wasantha Mudalige, Convenor of IUSF, Galwewa Siridhamma thero, Convenor of the Inter-University Bhikkhu Federation, and Hashan Jeewantha, a student activist, were among the 20 arrested on August 18, 2022, for participating in a peaceful protest led by the student movement. All three of them are prominent student leaders who have been at the forefront of struggles for socio-economic justice in Sri Lanka, particularly against numerous ongoing attempts to dismantle free education.

The Sri Lankan Police has failed to adhere to legal due process safeguards concerning all arrests made after May 09th 2022. In addition to 3500+ arbitrary arrests and detentions after May 09th, the government has started to charge student protestors under the Prevention of Terrorism Act (PTA). After keeping Wasantha Mudalige, Galwewa Siridhamma thero and Hashan Jeewantha in illegal custody for 92 hours after being arrested on August 18, the Police went ahead to detain them for 90 days under provisions made under PTA. This is an arbitrary and illegal practice. It is also a blatant violation of the fundamental rights of these activist students and amounts to enforced disappearances for the reason that their whereabouts and the status of their well-being are unknown.

The threat of detention and charges under the PTA will effectively limit their political activism and their important contribution to calling for a system change in Sri Lanka. It continues the dangerous practice adopted by successive governments against citizens who have a different view, who are critical, who legitimately air grievances and exercising their constitutionally guaranteed rights of free speech including right to protest, peaceful assembly and citizen participation in governance.

Successive governments have weaponised colonial anti-terror laws (public security ordinance, PTA, hate speech provisions of the ICCPR act) to suppress Tamil and Muslim minority communities and dissidents of the governments’ anti-democratic behaviour. Civil society activists, journalists, doctors and students, almost always of minority origin, were arrested and detained for months without being afforded due process. The PTA was also used to strike terror in the Muslim communities after the Easter Sunday Attacks in 2019. Many of those arrested under the PTA experience torture for confessions and languish in prisons without a fair opportunity to defend themselves.

International human rights actors and organisations have condemned the PTA which has become a whip to control the Sri Lankan population. Repeal of the PTA drew international support from human rights lobbies Lobby
Lobbies
A lobby is an entity organized to represent and defend the interests of a specific group by exerting pressure or influence on persons or institutions that hold power. Lobbying consists in conducting actions aimed at influencing, directly or indirectly, the drafting, application or interpretation of legislative measures, standards, regulations and more generally any intervention or decision by the Public Authorities.
and has been insisted as a precondition to renewing the GSP+ trade benefits with the European Union. In response, successive governments have explored different mechanisms to retain the PTA. In 2018, an equally repressive Counter Terrorism Act (CTA) was presented by Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe cabinet and in 2022 Prime Minister Mahinda Rajapakse’s cabinet passed in Parliament cursory amendments to the PTA to appease international pressure. These attempts were heavily resisted by the people of Sri Lanka, a struggle to which IUSF was a party. Retaining these anti-terror laws is part the Government strategy to control citizen engagement.

Peoples’ protests in Sri Lanka are a celebration of democracy. Instead of listening to the voices of the people and respecting their aspirations for democratic futures Futures A futures contract is a standardized advance commitment, negotiated on an organized futures market, to deliver a specified quantity of a precisely defined underlying asset at a specified time – the ‘delivery date’ – and place. Futures contracts are the most widely traded financial instruments in the world. , an unpopular government is trying to extend the national security apparatus to silence people. As people call for justice and accountability, the government employs fear tactics, creates new enemies, and silences dissent against moves to establish oppressive socio-economic systems. Detaining student leaders under the PTA would be the death of democracy in Sri Lanka.

Sri Lanka is going through the worst economic crisis. Under pressure from the international bondholders, the International Monetary Fund IMF
International Monetary Fund
Along with the World Bank, the IMF was founded on the day the Bretton Woods Agreements were signed. Its first mission was to support the new system of standard exchange rates.

When the Bretton Wood fixed rates system came to an end in 1971, the main function of the IMF became that of being both policeman and fireman for global capital: it acts as policeman when it enforces its Structural Adjustment Policies and as fireman when it steps in to help out governments in risk of defaulting on debt repayments.

As for the World Bank, a weighted voting system operates: depending on the amount paid as contribution by each member state. 85% of the votes is required to modify the IMF Charter (which means that the USA with 17,68% % of the votes has a de facto veto on any change).

The institution is dominated by five countries: the United States (16,74%), Japan (6,23%), Germany (5,81%), France (4,29%) and the UK (4,29%).
The other 183 member countries are divided into groups led by one country. The most important one (6,57% of the votes) is led by Belgium. The least important group of countries (1,55% of the votes) is led by Gabon and brings together African countries.

http://imf.org
(IMF) and the World Bank World Bank
WB
The World Bank was founded as part of the new international monetary system set up at Bretton Woods in 1944. Its capital is provided by member states’ contributions and loans on the international money markets. It financed public and private projects in Third World and East European countries.

It consists of several closely associated institutions, among which :

1. The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD, 189 members in 2017), which provides loans in productive sectors such as farming or energy ;

2. The International Development Association (IDA, 159 members in 1997), which provides less advanced countries with long-term loans (35-40 years) at very low interest (1%) ;

3. The International Finance Corporation (IFC), which provides both loan and equity finance for business ventures in developing countries.

As Third World Debt gets worse, the World Bank (along with the IMF) tends to adopt a macro-economic perspective. For instance, it enforces adjustment policies that are intended to balance heavily indebted countries’ payments. The World Bank advises those countries that have to undergo the IMF’s therapy on such matters as how to reduce budget deficits, round up savings, enduce foreign investors to settle within their borders, or free prices and exchange rates.

(WB), the current government is steamrolling harsh neo-liberal reforms on already distressed people. Detaining student leaders under the PTA is preemptive law enforcement to stop future protests against neo-liberal reforms. In other words, the government is closing democratic spaces, so there would be zero resistance.

We call upon your support, solidarity and power to join hands with a feminist voice against this government of Sri Lanka that has without a shadow of doubt failed to protect its citizens, punishes expression of rights, and is mobilising every repressive law and practice at its disposal to maintain anti-democratic hold over power.

August 27, 2022

Initial Signatories:

  1. Afsar Jafri, Social Worker, New Delhi, India
  2. Dr Ambreen Ahmad, Islamabad, Pakistan
  3. Amalani de Syrah, Liberation Movement
  4. Amali Wedagedara, Liberation Movement
  5. Amrita Chhachhi, Sangat
  6. Anuka de Silva, North Central Province Coordinator, Movement for Land and Agricultural Reform (MONLAR) and member of International Coordination Committee, La Via Campasina
  7. Anupama Ranaweera, Centre for the Study of Religion and Politics (CSRP). St. Mary’s College, University of St. Andrews
  8. Asha Abeyasekera, Research Fellow – Royal Holloway, University of London
  9. Ayesha Kidwai, Professor - Centre for Linguistics, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi
  10. Bishnupriya Ghosh, Professor - Global Studies, University of California, Santa Barbara
  11. Camena Guneratne, Professor - Department of Legal Studies, Open University of Sri Lanka
  12. Chinthaka Rajapakshe, Convener, MONLAR, Sri Lanka
  13. Chulani Kodikara, Editorial Collective, Polity, Sri Lanka
  14. Crystal Baines, University of Massachusetts Amherst
  15. Damith Chandimal, Human Rights and LGBTIQ+ Rights activist
  16. Elizabeth Cox, Human Rights and Democracy Advocate, Australia/ Pacific
  17. Éric Toussaint, Committee for the Abolition of Illegitimate Debt (CADTM)
  18. Ermiza Tegal, Liberation Movement and Attorney at Law
  19. Farida C. Khan, Professor - Economics, University of Colorado Colorado Springs
  20. Dr Geethika Dharmasinghe, Liberation Movement
  21. Harshana Rambukwella, Professor - Postgraduate Institute of English (PGIE), the Open University of Sri Lanka
  22. Hiniduma Sunil Senevi, Professor – Department of Languages, Sabaragamuwa University of Sri Lanka, Belihuloya
  23. Ishara Dhanasekera, Liberation Movement
  24. Jayadeva Uyangoda, Professor Emeritus, University of Colombo, Sri Lanka
  25. Jennifer C Olmsted, Professor, Department of Economics, Drew University, Madison, NJ, USA
  26. Kanchana N Ruwanpura, Professor - Human Geography, University of Gothenburg, Sweden
  27. Kanchuka Dharmasiri, Senior Lecturer – English, University of Peradeniya, Sri Lanka
  28. Kaushalya Herath, PhD Student - University of Dundee, UK
  29. Kumudini Samuel, Women and Media Collective
  30. Khushi Kabir, Feminist Activist, Advisor, Sangat, a South Asian Feminist Network, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  31. Lakmali Hemachandra, Liberation Movement
  32. Madhubashini Rathnayake, Liberation Movement
  33. Maduranga Kalugampitiya – Department of English, University of Peradeniya, Sri Lanka
  34. Marissa De Silva, Liberation Movement
  35. Megara Tegal, Liberation Movement
  36. Michael J Shapiro, Professor - Political Science, University of Hawai’i, Mānoa
  37. Nalani Hennayake, Chair Professor – Geography, University of Peradeniya, Sri Lanka
  38. Nedha de Silva, University of Colombo, Sri Lanka
  39. Nethmini Medawala, Attorney-at-Law
  40. Nihal Perera, Professor - Urban Planning, Ball State University, IN, USA
  41. Nilshan Fonseka
  42. Nimanthi Rajasingham, Associate Professor - English and Women’s Studies, Colgate University, USA.
  43. Niranjala de Mel
  44. Dr Niru Perera, Research Fellow - The Australian National University
  45. Nivedita Menon, Professor - School of International Studies, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi
  46. Niyanthini Kadirgamar, PhD Student, University of Massachusetts, Amherst
  47. Noenoe Silva, Professor - Political Science, University of Hawai’i, Mānoa
  48. Noelene Nabulivou, Executive Director - DIVA for Equality, Fiji
  49. Pasan Jayasinghe, PhD candidate - University College London
  50. Pierre Rousset, Europe Solidaire Sans Frontières (ESSF), France
  51. Pramesh Pokharel, General Secretary, ANPFA, Nepal
  52. Ramindu Perera, Lecturer, Department of Law, Open University of Sri Lanka, Nawala
  53. Ramona Duminicioiu, a member of the national coordination committee, Eco Rurails, Romania
  54. Ramya Kumar, Faculty of Medicine, University of Jaffna
  55. Rasma Razmi, Liberation Movement and Attorney-at-Law
  56. Dr Rapti Siriwardane-de Zoysa, Leibniz Center for Tropical Marine Research (Germany)
  57. Renuka Karunarathna, Secretary, Collective of Women Affected by Microfinance, Sri Lanka
  58. Rohini Hensman, writer, researcher, and activist
  59. Ruvani Ranasinha, Professor - Global Literature. Department of English, King’s College London
  60. Sachini Perera, Realizing Sexual and Reproductive Justice (RESURJ)
  61. Samanthi Gunawardana, Senior Lecturer - Politics & International Relations, Monash University, Australia
  62. Sandun Thudugala, Law & Society Trust, Sri Lanka
  63. Sankaran Krishna, Professor - Political Science, University of Hawai’i, Mānoa
  64. Sarah Arumugam, Liberation Movement and Attorney-at-Law
  65. Shamala Kumar, Professor - University of Peradeniya, Sri Lanka
  66. Sharika Thiranagama, Associate Professor - Stanford University, USA
  67. Sirisha Naidu, USA
  68. Smriti Rao, Professor - Economics, Assumption University, USA
  69. Sumanasiri Liyanage, Marx School, Sri Lanka
  70. Sumathy Sivamohan, Professor - English - University of Peradeniya, Sri Lanka
  71. Surekha Samarasena, Feminist writer and journalist
  72. Sushovan Dhar, Committee for the Abolition of Illegitimate Debt (CADTM)
  73. Swasthika Arulingam, Liberation Movement, Attorney-at-Law
  74. Tansy Hoskins, journalist, UK
  75. Tharmika Sivaraja, Liberation Movement and Attorney-at-Law
  76. Thilinà Màdiwala, Liberation Movement
  77. Thiruni Kelegama, Lecturer - Modern South Asian Studies, University of Oxford, UK
  78. Thiyagaraja Waradas, Senior Lecturer, University of Colombo
  79. Yathursha Ulakentheran, Liberation Movement
  80. Upul Wickramsinghe - Durham University, UK
  81. Vasuki Nesiah, Professor - Human Rights and International Law, New York University, USA

Organisations:

  1. Beyond Beijing Committee, Nepal
  2. Committee for the Abolition of Illegitimate Debt (CADTM)
  3. Development Alternatives with Women for a New Era (DAWN)
  4. Diva for Equality, Fiji
  5. Eco Ruralis - Small Scale Farmers Association of Romania
  6. femLINKpacific, Fiji
  7. International Women’s Rights Action Watch Asia Pacific (IWRAW Asia Pacific), Malaysia
  8. Pakistan NGOs Forum
  9. Realizing Sexual and Reproductive Justice (RESURJ)



Please send your signatures to:
liberation.movement.lka at gmail.com

CADTM

COMMITTEE FOR THE ABOLITION OF ILLEGITIMATE DEBT

8 rue Jonfosse
4000 - Liège- Belgique

00324 60 97 96 80
info@cadtm.org

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