28th session of the Conference of the Parties on Climate Change (COP 28) No to green colonialism, no to the false solutions of green capitalism, no to green normalization, Yes to the sovereignty of peoples over their territories

13 December 2023 by ATTAC/CADTM Morocco


UN Climate Change, November 30 - UNFCCC Formal Opening of COP28, Flickr, CC, https://www.flickr.com/photos/unfccc/53366667625



All official reports on climate, including the report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC ), confirm the worsening of the comprehensive climate crisis associated with global warming and that we are frighteningly close to the point of no return, which was set by the special report for 2018 at 1.5 degrees Celsius. These phenomena will increase five times if greenhouse emissions continue their trend, according to the same report.

These profound, anticipated transformations linked to the accelerating pollution of the atmosphere that has accompanied the development of the global capitalist system since the mid-19th century, especially in Europe and the United States, have made scientists speak today of a new era of geological history, “the Anthropocene,” or more precisely; “The Capitalocen”.

Climate changes related to global warming are not only predictions but have been present for a long time and are particularly embodied in extreme phenomena such as floods, forest fires, and high heat waves. These phenomena are increasing in frequency and intensity in many regions of the world: floods in Belgium and Germany in 2022, and forest fires in Turkey, Algeria, and Morocco, to name a few.

Despite the catastrophe and urgency of the crisis, which is essentially linked to the capitalist system of production, distribution, and consumption imposed on the majority by global and local parasitic minorities, the ruling classes continue their greenwashing operations and their attempts to take advantage of this crisis to achieve more profits.
Here they are holding the COP28 summit from November 30 to December 12, 2023 in Dubai in the United Arab Emirates, the country with the second highest rate per capita of pollution in the world, and they dare and accept to hand over the presidency of COP28 to Sultan Al Jaber, Chairman and CEO of the Abu Dhabi Petroleum Company; One of the largest petroleum companies in the world. The UAE is also one of the most repressive countries in the world. Especially the freedoms to organize unions and associations.

Morocco, along with the non-oil countries in North Africa and the Middle East, is considered a symbol of climate injustice, as the country’s contribution to greenhouse gas emissions is very weak compared to countries such as the United States of America and the United Arab Emirates. Despite this, it is one of the most affected countries and among the least prepared to face these transformations. The decline in precipitation, the frequency of years of drought and their increasing severity, in addition to the increasing of frequency and intensity of floods, are among the most important expressions of these transformations in our country.

The Moroccan regime is considered one of the main allies of green colonialism in the region, given that it enables international companies and local ruling classes to seize lands and areas under the pretext of energy transition, with the accompanying displacement and oppression of people, as happened in Midelt, where lands of up to 5,000 hectares were expropriated from the population, and before that, the case of Ouarzazate, where 3,000 hectares have been expropriated, and there are more... represented by upcoming projects, such as the Total Energy project in the Guelmim region, where 150 hectares will be expropriated.

Despite the massive investments made by the rulers in renewable energy projects, especially solar and wind energy, from public finances directly or through the debt mechanism, the share Share A unit of ownership interest in a corporation or financial asset, representing one part of the total capital stock. Its owner (a shareholder) is entitled to receive an equal distribution of any profits distributed (a dividend) and to attend shareholder meetings. of these energies does not exceed 20% of the total energy produced in 2021, while this percentage does not exceed 8% of primary energy. Which is dominated by petroleum products such as gaz and gasoline, which are imported exclusively by private companies, dominated by Primer minister compagny Mr Akhannouch called “Afriquia”, then Total and Shell. The series of privatization of the energy sector in Morocco since the end of the 1990s, and its deepening with the launch of so-called green projects and Law 13.09, resulted in almost complete private control over the sector with 78% of electrical energy production. in 2021.

Rulers in Morocco claim their intention to lead a transition by investing approximately 70 billion dirhams since the beginning of the plan in 2009. But the reality of the situation is that this plan and the alleged green transition are only an excuse to achieve more profits, for instance, Noor Midelt solar power plant project, was awarded to Green of Africa colmpagny, owned by billionaire Prime Minister Akhannouch, in alliance with the French company EDF and the Emirati company Masdar.

Also, Nareva company within the Royal financial group called Al Mada - formerly ONA - controls the wind energy market in Morocco by more than 90%.
The Moroccan regime is also one of the most important partners of the Zionist state in this sector, in what we can call green normalization, through the involvement of Israeli companies in green projects in Morocco, especially ENLT and NewMed .

Morocco’s position in the COP28 summit

With the exception of the signing of new colonial trade treaties and agreements that concern more extractive projects directed towards exporting green energy to Europe and declarations of intent towards Africa, it is difficult to clarify the position of the Moroccan negotiators on the most important issues raised at the summit in Dubai, including: stopping the extraction of fossil energies, evaluating the commitments of the Paris Agreement and the issue of the reparations and compensation fund. (loss and damage)
The great powers are pushing for this fund, if it is created, to be handed over to the World Bank World Bank
WB
The World Bank was founded as part of the new international monetary system set up at Bretton Woods in 1944. Its capital is provided by member states’ contributions and loans on the international money markets. It financed public and private projects in Third World and East European countries.

It consists of several closely associated institutions, among which :

1. The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD, 189 members in 2017), which provides loans in productive sectors such as farming or energy ;

2. The International Development Association (IDA, 159 members in 1997), which provides less advanced countries with long-term loans (35-40 years) at very low interest (1%) ;

3. The International Finance Corporation (IFC), which provides both loan and equity finance for business ventures in developing countries.

As Third World Debt gets worse, the World Bank (along with the IMF) tends to adopt a macro-economic perspective. For instance, it enforces adjustment policies that are intended to balance heavily indebted countries’ payments. The World Bank advises those countries that have to undergo the IMF’s therapy on such matters as how to reduce budget deficits, round up savings, enduce foreign investors to settle within their borders, or free prices and exchange rates.

. This institution has played and continues to play a colonial role alongside the International Monetary Fund IMF
International Monetary Fund
Along with the World Bank, the IMF was founded on the day the Bretton Woods Agreements were signed. Its first mission was to support the new system of standard exchange rates.

When the Bretton Wood fixed rates system came to an end in 1971, the main function of the IMF became that of being both policeman and fireman for global capital: it acts as policeman when it enforces its Structural Adjustment Policies and as fireman when it steps in to help out governments in risk of defaulting on debt repayments.

As for the World Bank, a weighted voting system operates: depending on the amount paid as contribution by each member state. 85% of the votes is required to modify the IMF Charter (which means that the USA with 17,68% % of the votes has a de facto veto on any change).

The institution is dominated by five countries: the United States (16,74%), Japan (6,23%), Germany (5,81%), France (4,29%) and the UK (4,29%).
The other 183 member countries are divided into groups led by one country. The most important one (6,57% of the votes) is led by Belgium. The least important group of countries (1,55% of the votes) is led by Gabon and brings together African countries.

http://imf.org
, and together bear a major responsibility for the deterioration of the standard of living of millions in the world, and the destruction of many environmental systems, by encouraging and financing extractive policies. They also bear a historical responsibility in the comprehensive climate crisis by standing behind and financing polluting projects, which was expressed by the global social movements in their counter-summit against the annual meetings of these two institutions held in Marrakesh last October (2023).

We at attac/cadtm Morocco, as part of the global movement fighting for climate justice and against all forms of green colonialism, consider that any just environmental transition passes through:

• Breaking with the illusion of catching up and attempts to copy the Western capitalist model of development, which is socially failed and impossible to generalize ecologically.
• Loading the environmental transition bill to those responsible for the disaster: multinational corporations, imperialist states, and the so-called plundering local “elites.”
• Cancel and stop payment of illegal public financial debts.
• Ensuring the sovereignty of local communities on their territories and over decisions at every stage of the environmental transition process, such as design, implementation, operation, storage, distribution, etc.
• Establishing an alliance between all directly concerned actors, including local communities, workers, users, etc.
• Prioritize decentralized, small-scale alternatives geared towards meeting the basic needs of the majority, while respecting the regenerative potential of ecosystems.
• Developing regional environmental alliances based on the principles of integration, solidarity and common interest Interest An amount paid in remuneration of an investment or received by a lender. Interest is calculated on the amount of the capital invested or borrowed, the duration of the operation and the rate that has been set. .

Rabat, on December 8, 2023
National Secretariat


ATTAC/CADTM Morocco

member of the CADTM network, the Association pour la Taxation des Transactions en Aide aux Citoyens au Maroc (ATTAC Morocco) was founded in 2000. ATTAC Maroc has been a member of the international network of the Committee for the Cancellation of Third World Debt (CADTM) since 2006 (which became the Committee for the Abolition of Illegitimate Debts in June 2016). We have 11 local groups in Morocco. ATTAC aims to be a network that helps those involved in social, associative, trade union and more broadly militant activity to take ownership of the challenges of globalisation on issues of social and citizen resistance.

www.attacmaroc.org
http://arabic.cadtm.org/

Address : n°140, rue Cadi Bribri Akkari 10000. Rabat. Maroc
Email : attac.cadtm.maroc at gmail.com
Website attacmaroc.org Tel 00 212 6 61 17 30 39

Translation(s)

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