Along with Bernie Sanders and Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez, 300 parliamentarians from around the world are writing to the IMF and World Bank to cancel the debt

15 May by Collective


Editor’s note : We are publishing a letter sent to the IMF and the World Bank by 300 worldwide parliamentarians. In this letter the 300 parliamentarians call for the “complete debt remission of the International Development Association’s (IDA) countries by all the main international financial institutions (IFIs)”, in order to strengthen the fight against the Covid-19 crisis. This claim concerns some of the developing countries, those that are the most impoverished. Calling for the complete remission is a good thing, but the CADTM regrets that the 300 parliamentarians are also asking the IMF, in this letter, to increase its loans to developing countries through an expansion of Special Drawing Rights (SDRs). Increasing the debt of developing countries does not address the issues faced by Global South peoples. The CADTM continuously explains that IMF and World Bank credits are constantly accompanied by conditionalities that reinforce neoliberal policies and further impoverish peoples. The CADTM is in favour of abolishing the World Bank and the IMF and replacing them with genuinely democratic multilateral institutions directed at meeting fundamental human rights. The IMF, the World Bank and the related regional banks are part of the problem, not part of the solution.

See in particular :
* The International Monetary Fund (IMF): an ABC : https://www.cadtm.org/The-International-Monetary-Fund-IMF-an-ABC

Sen. Bernie Sanders (I-Vt.) and Rep. Ilhan Omar (D-Minn.) led more than 300 international lawmakers across two dozen countries in a letter to the leadership of the World Bank World Bank
WB
The World Bank was founded as part of the new international monetary system set up at Bretton Woods in 1944. Its capital is provided by member states’ contributions and loans on the international money markets. It financed public and private projects in Third World and East European countries.

It consists of several closely associated institutions, among which :

1. The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD, 189 members in 2017), which provides loans in productive sectors such as farming or energy ;

2. The International Development Association (IDA, 159 members in 1997), which provides less advanced countries with long-term loans (35-40 years) at very low interest (1%) ;

3. The International Finance Corporation (IFC), which provides both loan and equity finance for business ventures in developing countries.

As Third World Debt gets worse, the World Bank (along with the IMF) tends to adopt a macro-economic perspective. For instance, it enforces adjustment policies that are intended to balance heavily indebted countries’ payments. The World Bank advises those countries that have to undergo the IMF’s therapy on such matters as how to reduce budget deficits, round up savings, enduce foreign investors to settle within their borders, or free prices and exchange rates.

and the International Monetary Fund IMF
International Monetary Fund
Along with the World Bank, the IMF was founded on the day the Bretton Woods Agreements were signed. Its first mission was to support the new system of standard exchange rates.

When the Bretton Wood fixed rates system came to an end in 1971, the main function of the IMF became that of being both policeman and fireman for global capital: it acts as policeman when it enforces its Structural Adjustment Policies and as fireman when it steps in to help out governments in risk of defaulting on debt repayments.

As for the World Bank, a weighted voting system operates: depending on the amount paid as contribution by each member state. 85% of the votes is required to modify the IMF Charter (which means that the USA with 17,68% % of the votes has a de facto veto on any change).

The institution is dominated by five countries: the United States (16,74%), Japan (6,23%), Germany (5,81%), France (4,29%) and the UK (4,29%).
The other 183 member countries are divided into groups led by one country. The most important one (6,57% of the votes) is led by Belgium. The least important group of countries (1,55% of the votes) is led by Gabon and brings together African countries.

http://imf.org
(IMF) today, calling on the international financial institutions to cancel low-incomecountries’ debt in response to the global Covid-19 crisis and provide a major infusion of financial support to avert a global economic meltdown.

“What this crisis shows us is that we have got to act as a global community—we truly are all in this together. That means protecting the most vulnerable amongst us,” said Sanders. “In the face of a horrific pandemic and a worldwide recession, we cannot allow poor countries to dedicate money that should be going towards protecting the health and safety of their people to pay off unsustainable debts. We cannot allow these countries to be deprived of the resources they need to purchase food, medicine, protective gear, and medical equipment. The steps that our international coalition of lawmakers is proposing are not radical. It is the very least that these financial institutions should do to prevent an unimaginable increase in poverty, hunger, and disease that threatens hundreds of millions of people.”

“This is a global economic and public health crisis unlike any we have seen in our lifetimes,” said Rep. Omar. “We as a global community must seize this opportunity to get relief to those who are suffering by cancelling debt for nations who cannot afford it. As the largest contributor to the IMF and the leading force behind the establishment of the World Bank, the United States should take the lead in this effort. I am humbled by the broad show of support for this policy on all six continents—including former heads of state. We are all globally connected and must act as a collective to get us out of this crisis.”

The UN predicts that coronavirus crisis could increase global poverty by as much as half a billion people—8% of the total human population. The World Food Programme estimates that the number of people pushed to the brink of starvation due to the global economic crisis could double, to 265 million from 135 million, as a result of the pandemic. Meanwhile, developing countries hold roughly $11 trillion in external debt, with $3.9 trillion of debt service Debt service The sum of the interests and the amortization of the capital borrowed. due this year. Sixty-four countries currently pay more on debt servicing than on health care.

“The temporary suspension and deferment of debt will not be sufficient to help these countries fully prioritize the prompt and sustainable management of the crisis at hand,” the coalition of lawmakers wrote, urging the heads of the World Bank and IMF to instead “take strong leadership to provide extensive debt relief and financial assistance for all impoverished nations most at risk of the devastating human costs and the long-lasting economic injuries of Covid-19.” This includes the deployment of “trillions of dollars” in global liquidity Liquidity The facility with which a financial instrument can be bought or sold without a significant change in price. —known as Special Drawing Rights, which are costless—to “avert major increases in poverty, hunger and disease.”

Lawmakers involved in the initiative span the ideological spectrum, from progressive UK Member of Parliament Jeremy Corbyn to Argentine lawmaker Carlos Menem, who, as President of Argentina, enacted austerity measures in the 1980s and 1990s.

Notable signers include Ricardo Monreal, Senate majority leader in Mexico; Golriz Ghahraman, Green Party MP in New Zealand; French assemblyman Jean-Luc Mélénchon; Adam Bandt, leader of the Australian Greens; Israeli Knesset members Ofer Cassif, Aida Touma-Sliman, and Ayman Odeh; Maya Fernandez Allende, granddaughter of Salvador Allende; and Colombian Senator Gustavo Petro. Sanders and Omar were also joined by domestic lawmakers U.S. Senator Dick Durbin (D-Ill.), and Representatives Chuy García (D-Ill.), Grijalva (D-Ariz.), Jayapal (D-Wash.), Lee (D-Calif.), Norton (D-D.C.), Ocasio-Cortez (D-N.Y.), Pocan (D-Wis.), Pressley (D-Mass.), Rush (D-Ill.), and Tlaib (D-Mich.).

A PDF of the letter can be found here and the full text follows below.


Letter to the IMF and the World Bank

David Malpass
The World Bank Group
1818 H Street, N.W.
Washington, D.C. 20433

Kristalina Georgieva
Le Fonds monétaire international
700 19th Street, N.W. Washington, D.C. 20431

Dear President Malpass and Managing Director Georgieva:

Members of Parliaments across the world are writing to request extensive debt forgiveness for International Development Association (IDA) countries by all major international financial institutions (IFIs) during this global Covid-19 crisis.

We are pleased to see that the World Bank Group (WBG) and International Monetary Fund (IMF) have already taken steps to implement debt relief and suspension for the world’s poorest countries. The recent IMF announcement of temporary debt relief funding for 25 member countries is an encouraging development but much more widespread and long term support is still needed.

That is why we call on all G-20 leaders through these IFIs to support the cancellation of debt obligations held by all IDA countries during this unprecedented pandemic. The temporary suspension and deferment of debt will not be sufficient to help these countries fully prioritize the prompt and sustainable management of the crisis at hand. The vulnerable communities that lack the resources and privileges to adopt adequate public health measures will ultimately face the disproportionate burden of coronavirus. Such harm means that global supply chains, financial markets, and other interconnected exchanges will continue to be disrupted and destabilized.

We also urge you to support a major issuance of Special Drawing Rights (SDRs) in order to provide developing countries with urgent financial support. The pandemic-triggered economic crisis is expected to be far more devastating than the global financial crisis of 2009, when SDRs were last deployed. We concur with Managing Director Georgieva’s “lower-end” estimate of $2.5 trillion for the current financial needs of developing countries. An issuance of SDRs on the order of trillions of dollars will be required to avert major increases in poverty, hunger and disease.

Therefore, not only do we have a humanitarian duty to aid our petitioning countries in dire need, but we also have a common, vested interest Interest An amount paid in remuneration of an investment or received by a lender. Interest is calculated on the amount of the capital invested or borrowed, the duration of the operation and the rate that has been set. to support comprehensive relief for effective recovery and resiliency. As a collaborative international community, we can only begin to move past this pandemic once this pandemic ends for everyone.

For those reasons, we urge the WBG and IMG to take strong leadership to provide extensive debt relief and financial assistance for all impoverished nations most at risk of the devastating human costs and the long-lasting economic injuries of Covid-19. We ask that you work with relevant bilateral and multilateral partners to provide a response no more than 15 days after receipt of this letter.

It is in our shared public health, security, and economic interests that we come together and act boldly to assist the most vulnerable nations among us. We stand ready to work with you and support immediate and long-term solutions to ensure fragile, destitute countries receive the flexibility and guidance they need in order to prevent humanitarian crises, protect public health, and promote global stability during this crisis and well after it is over for affluent nations.

In service,

  • Bernard Sanders, Sénateur des États-Unis d’Amérique
  • Ilhan Omar, Membre du Congrès des États-Unis d’Amérique

Additional Signatories :

  • Diane Abbott, Member of Parliament, United Kingdom
  • Marcela Aguiñaga, Member of National Assembly, Ecuador
  • Omar Paul Aguilar Condo, Senator, Bolivia
  • Mertxe Aizpurua, Member of Congress of Deputies, Spain
  • Alvina Alamestä, Member of European Parliament, Finland
  • Monica Aleman, Member of National Assembly, Ecuador
  • François Alfonsi, Member of European Parliament, France
  • Daniel Almeida, Member of Congress, Brazil
  • Perpétua Almeida, Member of Congress, Brazil
  • Ana Claudia Almirón, Senator, Argentina
  • José Luis Ancalle Gutiérrez, Member of Congress, Peru
  • Rasmus Andresen, Member of European Parliament, Germany
  • Óscar Arellano Pizarro, Member of Chamber of Deputies, Bolivia
  • Wilson Arias, Senator, Colombia
  • Carola Arraya Borges, Senator, Bolivia
  • Jaber Asaqla, Member of Knesset, Israel
  • Miquel Aubà i Fleix, Senator, Spain
  • Manon Aubry, Member of European Parliament, France
  • Aida Avella, Senator, Colombia
  • Yuriri Ayala, Member of Local Congress, Mexico City
  • Sara Bailac Ardanuy, Senator, Spain
  • Adam Bandt, Member of Parliament, Australia
  • Paula Barker, Member of Parliament, United Kingdom
  • Pernando Barrena, Member of European Parliament, Spain
  • Monte Bassa i Coll Marta, Member of Congress of Deputies, Spain
  • Fernando Bazán Villanueva, Member of Congress, Peru
  • Apsana Begum, Member of Parliament, United Kingdom
  • Marian Beitialarrangoitia, Member of Congress of Deputies, Spain
  • Brando Benifei, Member of European Parliament, Italy
  • Alejandro Bernales Maldonado, Member of Honorable Chamber of Deputies, Chile
  • Benoît Biteau, Member of European Parliament, France
  • Inés Blas, Senator, Argentina
  • Malin Björk, Member of European Parliament, Sweden
  • Gustavo Bolivar, Senator, Colombia
  • Manuel Bompard, Member of European Parliament, France
  • Gabriel Boric Font, Member of Honorable Chamber of Deputies, Chile
  • Marc Botenga, Member of European Parliament, Belgium
  • Maria Wendy Briceño Zuloaga, Member of Federal Congress, Mexico
  • Jorge Brito Hasbún, Member of Honorable Chamber of Deputies, Chile
  • Sonia Brito Sandoval, Member of Chamber of Deputies, Bolivia
  • Richard Burgon, Member of Parliament, United Kingdom
  • Ian Byrne, Member of Parliament, United Kingdom
  • Daniel Caggiani Gómez, Member of Parliament, Uruguay
  • Renildo Calheiros, Member of Congress, Brazil
  • Miquel Caminal Cerdà, Senator, Spain
  • Ignacio Benjamín Campos Equihua, Member of Federal Congress, Mexico
  • Rego Candamil, Member of Congress of Deputies, Spain
  • Miriam Elizabeth Cano Núñez, Member of Local Congress, Baja California, Mexico
  • Joan Capdevila i Esteve, Member of Congress of Deputies, Spain
  • Damien Carême, Member of European Parliament, France
  • Giovani Alfonsin Carlo Ayllon, Senator, Bolivia
  • Áurea Carolina, Member of Chamber of Deputies, Brazil
  • Carlos Caserio, Senator, Argentina
  • Ofer Cassif, Member of Knesset, Israel
  • Laura Castel i Fort, Senator, Spain
  • Xavier Castellana i Gamisans, Senator, Spain
  • Carlos Castillo, Member of Local Congress, Mexico City
  • Natalia Castillo Muñoz, Member of Honorable Chamber of Deputies, Chile
  • Anna Cavazzini, Member of European Parliament, Germany
  • Ivan Cépeda, Senator, Colombia
  • José Chala, Member of National Assembly, Ecuador
  • Abraham Checco Chauca, Member of Congress, Peru
  • Ferran Civit i Martí, Member of Parliament of Catalonia
  • Maurice Closs, Senator, Argentina
  • Katalin Cseh, Member of European Parliament, Hungary
  • Joan Collins, Member of Parliament, Ireland
  • Jeremy Corbyn, Member of Parliament, United Kingdom
  • David Cormand, Member of European Parliament, France
  • Mirella Cortès i Gès, Senator, Spain
  • Humberto Costa, Senator, Brazil
  • Miguel Crispi Serrano, Member of Honorable Chamber of Deputies, Chile
  • Esther Cuesta, Member of National Assembly, Ecuador
  • Clare Daly, Member of European Parliament, Ireland
  • María de los Ángeles Sacnun, Senator, Argentina
  • Diego Eduardo del Bosque Villarreal, Member of Federal Congress, Mexico
  • Nora del Valle Giménez, Senator, Argentina
  • Gwendoline Delbos-Corfield, Member of European Parliament, France
  • Adriana Delgado i Herreros, Member of Parliament of Catalonia
  • Karima Delli, Member of European Parliament, France
  • Marcelo Díaz Díaz, Member of Honorable Chamber of Deputies, Chile
  • Bettiana Díaz Rey, Member of Parliament, Uruguay
  • Martín Doñate, Senator, Argentina
  • Primo Dothé Mata, Senator, Mexico
  • Lili Duran, Member of National Assembly, Ecuador
  • Norma Durango, Senator, Argentina
  • Richard J. Durbin, Senator, United States
  • María Eugenia Duré, Senator, Argentina
  • Gorka Elejabarrieta, Senator, Spain
  • Xavier Eritja Ciuró, Member of Congress of Deputies, Spain
  • Luiza Erundina, Member of Chamber of Deputies, Brazil
  • Adelina Escandell Grases, Senator, Spain
  • Carlos Mauricio Espínola, Senator, Argentina
  • Brenda Espinoza Lopez, Member of Federal Congress, Mexico
  • Leticia Estrada, Member of Local Congress, Mexico City
  • Sabelio Estrada Soliz, Member of Chamber of Deputies, Bolivia
  • Federico Fagioli, Member of Honorable Chamber of Deputies, Argentina
  • Mehreen Faruqi, Senator, Australia
  • Jandira Feghali, Member of Chamber of Deputies, Brazil
  • Janeth Mercy Felipez Ríos, Senator, Bolivia
  • Maya Fernández Allende, Member of Honorable Chamber of Deputies, Chile
  • Enrique Fernández Chacón, Member of Congress, Peru
  • Anabel Fernández Sagasti, Senator, Argentina
  • Carlos Filizzola, Senator, Paraguay
  • Marcivania Flecha, Member of Congress, Brazil
  • Irene Fornós i Curto, Member of Parliament of Catalonia
  • Mary Foy, Member of Parliament, United Kingdom
  • Marcelo Freixo, Member of Chamber of Deputies, Brazil
  • Ricardo Fuentes, Member of Local Congress, Mexico City
  • Lilian Gálan, Member of the Chamber of Representatives of Uruguay
  • Diego García, Member of National Assembly, Ecuador
  • Jesús G. “Chuy” García, Member of Congress, United States
  • Silvina García Larraburu, Senator, Argentina
  • Guillermo García Realpe, Senator, Colombia
  • Pilar Garrido, Member of Congress of Deputies, Spain
  • Golriz Ghahraman, Member of Parliament, New Zealand
  • Raphaël Glucksmann, Member of European Parliament, France
  • Anton Gómez Reino, Member of Congress of Deputies, Spain
  • María Teresa González, Senator, Argentina
  • Nancy González, Senator, Argentina
  • Sandra Paola González Castañeda, Member of Federal Congress, Mexico
  • Inés Granollers Cunillera, Member of Congress of Deputies, Spain
  • Raúl M. Grijalva, Member of Congress, United States
  • Claude Gruffat, Member of European Parliament, France
  • Nancy Guamba, Member of National Assembly, Ecuador
  • Verónica Guevara, Member of National Assembly, Ecuador
  • José Gusmao, Member of European Parliament, Portugal
  • Txema Guijarro, Member of Congress of Deputies, Spain
  • Itai Hagman, Member of Honorable Chamber of Deputies, Argentina
  • Heidi Hautala, Member of European Parliament, Finland
  • Ana Cristina Hernández Trejo, Member of Local Congress, Mexico City
  • Gonzalo Herrera Cáceres, Member of Chamber of Deputies, Bolivia
  • Tomás Hirsch Goldschmidt, Member of Honorable Chamber of Deputies, Chile
  • Marcela Holguín, Member of National Assembly, Ecuador
  • Eva Luz Humerez Alviz, Member of Chamber of Deputies, Bolivia
  • Diego Ibañez Cotroneo, Member of Honorable Chamber of Deputies, Chile
  • Ana María Ianni, Senator, Argentina
  • Yousef Jabareen, Member of Knesset, Israel
  • Giorgio Jackson Drago, Member of Honorable Chamber of Deputies, Chile
  • Yannick Jadot, Member of European Parliament, France
  • Pramila Jayapal, Member of Congress, United States
  • Márcio Jerry, Member of Congress, Brazil
  • Kim Johnson, Member of Parliament, United Kingdom
  • Irma Juan Carlos, Member of Federal Congress, Mexico
  • Zitto Kabwe, Member of Parliament, Tanzania
  • Erika Kokay, Member of Chamber of Deputies, Brazil
  • Petros Kokkalis, Member of European Parliament, Greece
  • Edgardo Kueider, Senator, Argentina
  • Javier Lamarque, Member of Federal Congress, Mexico
  • Katrin Langensiepen, Member of European Parliament, Germany
  • Juan Ignacio Latorre Riveros, Senator, Chile
  • Ian Lavery, Member of Parliament, United Kingdom
  • Sergio Leavy, Senator, Argentina
  • Claudia Ledesma Abdala de Zamora, Senator, Argentina
  • Barbara Lee, Member of Congress, United States
  • Nelly Lenz Rosso, Member of Chamber of Deputies, Bolivia
  • Clive Lewis, Member of Parliament, United Kingdom
  • Rossio Magaly Lima Escalante, Senator, Bolivia
  • Carolina Lizárraga Houghton, Member of Congress, Peru
  • Juan Cristobal Lloret, Member of National Assembly, Ecuador
  • Lexi Loor, Member of National Assembly, Ecuador
  • Alexander López, Senator, Colombia
  • Cristina López Valverde, Senator, Argentina
  • Daniel Lovera, Senator, Argentina
  • Caroline Lucas, Member of Parliament, United Kingdom
  • Alfredo Luenzo, Senator, Argentina
  • Miguel Macedo, Member of Local Congress, Mexico City
  • Ernest Maragall i Mira, Member of Parliament of Catalonia
  • Joan Margall i Sastre, Member of Congress of Deputies, Spain
  • Jordi Martí Deulofeu, Senator, Spain
  • Robert Masih Nahar, Senator, Spain
  • Marisa Matias, Member of European Parliament, Portugal
  • José Mayans, Senator, Argentina
  • John McDonnell, Member of Parliament, United Kingdom
  • Fernanda Melchiona, Member of Chamber of Deputies, Brazil
  • Jean-Luc Mélénchon, Member of National Assembly, France
  • Esteban Melo, Member of National Assembly, Ecuador
  • Carlos Saúl Menem, Senator, Argentina
  • Dalmacio Mera, Senator, Argentina
  • Tilly Metz, Member of European Parliament, Luxembourg
  • Ignacio Mier Velazco, Member of Federal Congress, Mexico
  • Roberto Mirabella, Senator, Argentina
  • Beatriz Mirkin, Senator, Argentina
  • Vlado Mirosevic Verdugo, Member of Honorable Chamber of Deputies, Chile
  • Claudia Mix Jiménez, Member of Honorable Chamber of Deputies, Chile
  • Csaba Molnár, Member of European Parliament, Hungary
  • Ricardo Monreal Ávila, Senator, Majority Leader, and Chairman of the Political Coordination Board, Mexico
  • Gerardo Montenegro, Senator, Argentina
  • Absalón Montoya Guivin, Member of Congress, Peru
  • Guadalupe Morales, Member of Local Congress, Mexico City
  • Lucia Muñoz, Member of Congress of Deputies, Spain
  • Pabel Muñoz, Member of National Assembly, Ecuador
  • Amapola Naranjo, Member of National Assembly, Ecuador
  • Alejandro Navarro, Senator, Chile
  • José Emilio Neder, Senator, Argentina
  • Niklas Nienass, Member of European Parliament, Germany
  • Nazario Norberto, Member of Local Congress, Mexico City
  • Eleanor Holmes Norton, Member of Congress, United States
  • Joan Josep Nuet Pujals, Member of Congress of Deputies, Spain
  • Emilia Nuyado Ancapichún, Member of Honorable Chamber of Deputies, Chile
  • Grace O’Sullivan, Member of European Parliament, Ireland
  • Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez, Member of Congress, United States
  • Ayman Odeh, Member of Knesset, Israel
  • Kate Osamor, Member of Parliament, United Kingdom
  • Juan Mario Pais, Senator, Argentina
  • Maite Orsini Pascal, Member of Honorable Chamber of Deputies, Chile
  • Mònica Palacín i París, Member of Parliament of Catalonia
  • Ernesto Palacios Cordero, Member of Federal Congress, Mexico
  • Oscar Parrilli, Senator, Argentina
  • Lourdes Paz, Member of Local Congress, Mexico City
  • Elisenda Pérez i Esteve, Senator, Spain
  • Catalina Pérez Salinas, Member of Honorable Chamber of Deputies, Chile
  • Laura Imelda Pérez Segura, Member of Federal Congress, Mexico
  • Ancelma Perlacios Peralta, Senator, Bolivia
  • Gustavo Petro, Senator, Colombia
  • Bernat Picornell Grenzner, Senator, Spain
  • María Inés Pilatti Vergara, Senator, Argentina
  • Manu Pineda, Member of European Parliament, Spain
  • Gerardo Pisarello, Member of Congress of Deputies, Spain
  • María José Pizarro, Member of Congress, Colombia
  • Mark Pocan, Member of Congress, United States
  • Yofre Poma, Member of National Assembly, Ecuador
  • Alice Portugal, Member of Congress, Brazil
  • Ayanna Pressley, Member of Congress, United States
  • Thomas Pringle, Member of Parliament, Ireland
  • Mauricio Proaño, Member of National Assembly, Ecuador
  • Norma Pujol Farre, Member of Congress of Deputies, Spain
  • Yvan Quispe Apaza, Member of Congress, Peru
  • Juana Quispe Ari, Member of Chamber of Deputies, Bolivia
  • Mariano Recalde, Senator, Argentina
  • Sira Rego, Member of European Parliament, Spain
  • Diana Riba i Giner, Member of European Parliament, Spain
  • Carmita Ribadeneira, Member of National Assembly, Ecuador
  • Bell Ribeiro-Addy, Member of Parliament, United Kingdom
  • Gabriela Rivadeneira, Member of National Assembly, Ecuador
  • Michèle Rivasi, Member of European Parliament, France
  • Antonio Rodas, Senator, Argentina
  • Edmilson Rodrigues, Member of Chamber of Deputies, Brazil
  • Matías Rodríguez, Senator, Argentina
  • José Luis Rodríguez Díaz de León, Member of Local Congress, Mexico City
  • Manuel Rodríguez González, Member of Federal Congress, Mexico
  • Maria Eugenia Rodríguez Palop, Member of European Parliament, Spain
  • Adolfo Rodríguez Saá, Senator, Argentina
  • Caroline Roose, Member of European Parliament, France
  • Camila Rojas Valderrama, Member of Honorable Chamber of Deputies, Chile
  • Isabela Rosales, President of Local Congress, Mexico City
  • Patricio Rosas Barrientos, Member of Honorable Chamber of Deputies, Chile
  • Marta Rosique i Saltor, Member of Congress of Deputies, Spain
  • Josep Rufà Gràcia, Senator, Spain
  • Gabriel Rufián Romero, Member of Congress of Deputies, Spain
  • Bobby L. Rush, Member of Congress, United States
  • Jordi Salvador i Duch, Member of Congress of Deputies, Spain
  • Silvia Sapag, Senator, Argentina
  • Adriana Salvatierra Arriaza, Senator, Bolivia
  • Franklin Samaniego, Member of National Assembly, Ecuador
  • Miroslava Sánchez Galván, Member of Federal Congress, Mexico
  • Charles Santiago, Member of Parliament, Malaysia
  • Rocío Silva Santisteban Manrique, Member of Congress, Peru
  • Mounir Satouri, Member of European Parliament, France
  • Helmut Scholz, Member of European Parliament, Germany
  • Alejandra Sepúlveda Orbenes, Member of Honorable Chamber of Deputies, Chile
  • Orlando Silva, Member of Congress, Brazil
  • Guillermo Snopek, Senator, Argentina
  • Doris Soliz, Member of National Assembly, Ecuador
  • Ana Surra Spadea, Senator, Spain
  • Zarah Sultana, Member of Parliament, United Kingdom
  • Jorge Taiana, Senator, Argentina
  • Carolina Telechea Lozano, Member of Congress of Deputies, Spain
  • Rashida Tlaib, Member of Congress, United States
  • Víctor Torres Jeldes, Member of Honorable Chamber of Deputies, Chile
  • Aida Touma-Sliman, Member of Knesset, Israel
  • Marie Toussaint, Member of European Parliament, France
  • Jon Trickett, Member of Parliament, United Kingdom
  • Rubén Uñac, Senator, Argentina
  • Miguel Urbán, Member of European Parliament, Spain
  • Roberto Uriarte, Member of Congress of Deputies, Spain
  • Ernest Urtasun, Member of European Parliament, Spain
  • Feliciano Valencia, Senator, Colombia
  • Bairon Valle, Member of National Assembly, Ecuador
  • Pilar Vallugera i Balañà, Member of Congress of Deputies, Spain
  • Julio César Vázquez Castillo, Member of Local Congress, Baja California, Mexico
  • Leticia Varela, Member of Local Congress, Mexico City
  • Yanis Varoufakis, Member of Hellenic Parliament, Greece
  • Mirtha Vasquez Chiquilín, Member of Congress, Peru
  • Esteban Velásquez, Member of Honorable Chamber of Deputies, Chile
  • Julieta Kristal Vences Valencia, Member of Federal Congress, Mexico
  • Enio Verri, Member of Chamber of Deputies, Brazil
  • Pablo Vidal Rojas, Member of Honorable Chamber of Deputies, Chile
  • Alejandro Viedma Velázquez, Member of Federal Congress, Mexico
  • Marta Vilalta i Torres, Member of Parliament of Catalonia
  • Alberto Villa Villegas, Member of Federal Congress, Mexico
  • Esperanza Villalobos, Member of Local Congress, Mexico City
  • José María Villalta Flores Estrada, Member of Congress of Deputies, Costa Rica
  • Idoia Villanueva, Member of European Parliament, Spain
  • Temístocles Villanueva Ramos, Member of Local Congress, Mexico City
  • Nikolaj Villumsen, Member of European Parliament, Denmark
  • Ruben Wagensberg i Ramon, Member of Parliament of Catalonia
  • Mick Wallace, Member of European Parliament, Ireland
  • Joenia Wapichana, Member of Chamber of Deputies, Brazil
  • Claudia Webbe, Member of Parliament, United Kingdom
  • Mick Whitley, Member of Parliament, United Kingdom
  • Nadia Whittome, Member of Parliament, United Kingdom
  • Gonzalo Winter Etcheberry, Member of Honorable Chamber of Deputies, Chile
  • Salima Yenbou, Member of European Parliament, France
  • Gael Yeomans Araya, Member of Honorable Chamber of Deputies, Chile
  • Mauricio Zambrano, Member of National Assembly, Ecuador
  • Maricela Zúñiga, Member of Local Congress, Mexico City

cc :

  • President Alberto Fernández, Argentina
  • Prime Minister Scott Morrison, Australia
  • President Jair Bolsonaro, Brazil
  • Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, Canada
  • President Xi Jinping, China
  • Chancellor Angela Merkel, Germany
  • President Emmanuel Macron, France
  • President Narendra Modi, India
  • President Joko Widodo, Indonesia
  • President Sergio Mattarella, Italy
  • Prime Minister Shinzō Abe, Japan
  • President Andrés Manuel López Obrador, Mexico
  • President Vladimir Putin, Russia
  • King Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, Saudi Arabia
  • President Cyril Ramaphosa, South Africa
  • President Moon Jae-in, South Korea
  • President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, Turkey
  • Prime Minister Boris Johnson, United Kingdom
  • President Donald Trump, United States
  • President Ursula von der Leyen, European Commission



Other articles in English by Collective (60)

0 | 10 | 20 | 30 | 40 | 50

Translation(s)

CADTM

COMMITTEE FOR THE ABOLITION OF ILLEGITIMATE DEBT

35 rue Fabry
4000 - Liège- Belgique

00324 226 62 85
info@cadtm.org

cadtm.org