Call for the Suspension of the EU – Colombia Free Trade Agreement

18 June 2021 by Group of signatories

Brussels, June 14, 2021

Ms. Ursula von der Leyen
President of the European Commission

Mr. Josep Borrell
High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy Vice President of the European Commission

Mr. Valdis Dombrovskis
European Commissioner for Trade
Vice President of the European Commission

Re: Call for the Suspension of the EU – Colombia Free Trade Agreement

Distinguished Representatives of the European Commission,
The entire world has become a horrified witness to the extreme violence unleashed by Colombian security forces using weaponry of war against protestors. This violence has been described as disproportionate by United Nations experts and many other observers.

More than 40 protestors have been killed since the beginning of the strike, hundreds of persons, mostly youths, have been forcibly disappeared, and sexual violence is widely used as a means of repressing women protestors, or women simply living in mobilised working-class neighbourhoods. Furthermore, almost 600 social leaders, of whom more than 100 are environmental defenders, and more than 270 ex-combatants, signatories of the Peace Agreement, have been killed since President Iván Duque took up office.
In the most unequal country of South America, following an attempt to impose a tax reform that would have placed the weight of the debt on the shoulders of the poor, the Government is trying to impose reforms that would undermine labour rights and to privatise further the health and pension systems. This comes shortly after the granting of significant tax breaks to banks and mining companies. Large- scale deforestation is tolerated in the Amazon, as well as in other regions, with a view to increasing land to be used for livestock and agro-industry. The forced displacement of rural populations continues, with more than eight million internally displaced persons. Of those, 27.435 were displaced in 2021 signifying an increase of 177 percent in comparison to the same period in 2020. Instead of implementing the programmes of substitution of drug cultures as it should, according to the peace

Agreement, and to fight money laundering, the Government has recently decided to relaunch the programme of aerial spraying of glyphosate.

This radically contravenes the Paris Agreement, ratified by both parties, as well as the sustainable development chapter of the Free Trade Agreement, signed by the EU and Colombia, as well as the roadmap adopted by the European Parliament within the framework of ratification. Moreover, they constitute a flagrant violation of Article one of the same Agreement, which establishes that human rights are a fundamental element of the Agreement.

During the debates that took place in the European Parliament prior to the ratification of the Free Trade Agreement, Mr. Karel De Gucht, then Commissioner for International Trade, stated that the Free Trade Agreement would be suspended if human rights were violated [1]. And, in effect, article 60 of the Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties, ratified by all parties, provides that any party to the agreement may suspend it, in full or in part, if the other party violates a fundamental part of the same. As such, we request that the European Commission begin proceedings for the suspension of the provisional application of the FTA. If the Commission decides to partially suspend the agreement, it should suspend the importation of goods to the EU from Colombian business groups that approve and encourage the abuses, for example those exporting African palm-oil, meat, sugar, bananas, or highly processed food products.

An action such as this on behalf of the European Union would contribute to reducing drastically the impunity for human rights violations and internal forced displacement. It would also serve to stimulate the implementation of the Peace Agreement by the Government.

Our kindest regards,

International organizations

CADTM international
La Via Campesina internacional
FIAN international
Forum Civique Européen
Africa Europe Faith & Justice Network (AEFJN)
Red europa de Comités Oscar Romero (SICSAL-Europa) Defendamos la Paz Internacional - DLPI

Members of the European Parliament

Leila Chaibi , The Left - La France Insoumise, France
Marc Tarabella , Socialists and Democrats - PS , Belgium
Benoît Biteau , Les Verts/ALE, France
Clara Ponsatí Obiols , NI - Junts per Catalunya, Spain
Idoia Villanueva, The Left, Unidas Podemos , Spain
Philippe Lamberts , Les Verts/ALE , Belgium
Miguel Urbán, The Left – Anticapitalistas , Spain
Anna Cavazzini , GREEN/EFA , Germany
Helmut Scholz , The Left - Die Linke , Germany
Stelios Kouloglou, The Left - Syriza , Grece
Pernando Barrena , The Left - El Bildu , Spain
Sira Rego, The Left, Unidas Podemos , Spain
Manu Pineda , The Left, Unidas Podemos , Spain
Marie Toussaint , Les Verts/ALE, France
Carles Puigdemont , NI - Junts per Catalunya , Spain
Antoni Comin , NI - Junts per Catalunya , Spain
Manon Aubry , The Left - La France Insoumise , France
TillyMetz, LesVerts/ALE, Luxembourg
Manuel Bompard , The Left - La France Insoumise , France Anne-Sophie Pelletier The Left - La France Insoumise , France Emmanuel Maurel , The Left - Gauche républicaine socialiste , France Anja Hazekamp , The Left - Dieren’s partij , Hollande FrancisWurtz,Députéeuropéenhonoraire, France

National representatives

Gustavo Petro, Sénateur , Colombia Humana, Colombia
Ayda Abella , Sénatrice, Union patriotica, Colombia
Wilson Arias Castillo , Sénateur , Polo Democrático Alternativo , Colombia
Heike Hänsel , Députée Bundestag , Germany
Gerardo Pisarello , Député , GCUP-EC-GC, Congreso de Diputados , Spain
Adelina Escandell , Senatrice, Soberanists of Catalunya
Enrique Santiago , Député , GCUP-EC-GC, Congreso de Diputados , Spain
Lucía Muñoz, Députée ,GCUP-EC-GC, Congreso de Diputados , Spain
Antón Gómez , Député, GCUP-EC-GC, Congreso de Diputados , Spain CristinaMayor,Députée,UnidasPodemos, ParlamentBalear,Spain PabloJiménez,Député,UnidasPodemos, ParlamentBalear,Spain
André Flahaut , Député, Socialist Party (PS), La Chambre, Belgique
Hélène Ryckmans, Députée , ECOLO, Parlaments Wallon et Fédération Wallonie- Bruxelles, Belgium
Olivier Biérin , Député, ECOLO, Parlaments Bruxelles et Fédération Wallonie- Bruxelles, Belgium Gwenaëlle Grovonius , Députée, PS, Parlaments Wallon et Fédération Wallonie- Bruxelles, Belgium Marie Lecocq , Députée, ECOLO, Parlament de Bruxelles, Belgium
Christophe Clersy, Député, ECOLO, Parlaments Bruxelles et Fédération Wallonie- Bruxelles, Belgium Malik Ben Achour , Député, PS, La Chambre des représentants, Belgium
Jean-Luc Mélenchon , Député à l’Assemblée nationale, Président de La France Insoumise et candidat présidentiel , France
Pierre Laurent , Sénateur , PCF, Vice-président du Sénat, Commission Affaires étrangères, France Doriana Sarli , Députée à l’Assemblée nationale, Italie
Paola Nugnes , Sénatrice, Italy
Virginia La Mura, Sénatrice Italy
Francesca Businarolo , Députée à l’Assemblée nationale, Italy Stefania Ascari , Députée à l’Assemblée nationale, Italy
Yana Chiara Ehm , Députée à l’Assemblée nationale, Italy Matteo Mantero , Sénateur, Italy

National organizations

Broederlijk Delen - FOS - SOLSOC - A Contre-Courant - Comité pour le respect des Droits Humains “Daniel Gillard” — Solidair met Guatemala /Belgïe - INTAL, Globalize the solidarity - Agir pour la Paix - Red Flamenca de Solidaridad con la Comunidad - Casa Nicaragua - asbl Pierreuse & Ailleurs
CETRI - Centre Tricontinental - de Paz de San José de Apartadó

Universidad de Paz SIN OLVIDO - Red con Paz - SIEMBRA - Centro Socio-jurídico para la Defensa Territorial - Corporación claretiana Norman Pérez Bello - FIAN - Colombia - Colectivo de Abogados José Alvear Restrepo (CAJAR) - JAC Villa Inés Duitama - QuéTeUneAColombia - Fundación pijaocittaslow - APROCADE - JAC VEREDAASCARILLALURUMITA-GUAJIRA-CorporaciónAmbientalyTurísticaAlas del Humadea CORPOHUMADEA - Veeduria ambiental - COMUNES - CIVIPAZ - Fundación Amanecer - Unión de Ciudadanas de Colombia Seccional Cali - FUNDACIÓN PARA LA PREVENCIÓN, REBILITACION Y EDUCACIÓN EN SALUD - Colectivo El callejón del hip hop - Asociacion Mariposas de la Orinoquia y Amazonia - Asociacion Apoyo a la Mujer - Amibosque - Esfuérzate - AgroSolidaria Teusaquillo - Teusaquillo - COLOR Y ESPERANZA POR NUESTROS HEROES-Corambiente - ComitédeIntegración del Macizo Colombiano-CIMA - TOTAL Apple SUPPORT - Corporación para la educación y autogestión ciudadana “CEAC”- Fundagrollano - Vista Hermosa diversa - Fundación ARDECIA - Fundación Prometeo Producciones - ASODEMUC - Demujeres Afro La Canoa - Fundación Pastorín - CIVIPAZ - RTovar - Amibosque - Asociación Mariposas de la Orinoquia y Amazonia - FUNHACOL - CREDHOS - Instituto Popular de Capacitación-IPC - Programa presbiteriano de Acompañamiento a la Paz - Asociación de recicladores - Programa Presbiteriano de Acompañamiento para la Paz – CENSAT AGUA VIVA, Amigos de la Tierra.

Amis de la Terre - Attac - FAL - France Amérique latine - Explorer Humanity

ATTAC-España - COAG - Sindicato LAB (País Vasco) - Sindicato Labrego Galego - MUNDUBAT - Ecologistas en Acción - Associació Catalana d’Enginyeria Sense Fronteres - Associó Huitaca Pacte per la vida i per la Pau - - Organitzacions per a la Justícia Global - SOLdePAZ.Pachakuti - Observatorio DESC de Barcelona - Reds – Red de solidaridad para la transformación social (Barcelona) - Asociación por la Paz y los Derechos Humanos Taula per Mèxic (Barcelona) - Asociación Para La Convivencia Intercultural Amazonas - Programa asturiano de derechos humanos


The Netherlands:

Italy: TEFA Colombia Coooperacion internacional APS Migras

Powershift - Wissenskulturen e.V.

Comité Colombia en Noruega

SERVICIO PAZ Y JUSTICIA, SERPAJ (ARGENTINA) - Comisión derechos humanos por la memoria, la verdad y la justicia de traslasierra - Asociación Argentina de Terapistas Ocupacionales - Comisión Intereclesial de Justicia y Paz - Fondo Lunaria Mujer


Asociación de Derechos Humanos del Estado de México (ADHEM) - Liga Mexicana por la Defensa de los Derechos Humanos A.C. (LIMEDDH) - Liga Mexicana por la Defensa de los Derechos Humanos,A.C.FilialOaxaca(LIMEDDH-Oax) - AsociacióndeFamiliaresdeDetenidosDesaparecidos y Víctimas de Violaciones a los Derechos Humanos en México (AFADEM FEDEFAM) - Red Solidaria Década contra la Impunidad, A.C. (RSDI) - Fundación Diego Lucero, A.C. (FDL) - Centro de Derechos Humanos Ku’untik (CDHK) - Fundación Diego Lucero, A.C. (FDL) - Foro Permanente de Mujeres Iztacalco,A.C.(FPM-I) - Comité de Familiares de Personas Desaparecidas en México, AlzandoVoces, (COFADDEM) - Consejo Federal Ejecutivo Nacional e Internacional del Frente Mexicano Pro Derechos Humanos - Centro de Estudios para los Derechos Humanos y la Justicia Ambiental “YURENI”, A.C. - Actuar Familiares contra la Tortura, (AFT) - Centro de Derechos Humanos “Antonio Esteban”, A.C. (CDHAE) - Comité de Derechos Humanos de Base de Chiapas “Digna Ochoa”, (CDHBCDO) - Asociación Mexicana de Abogados del Pueblo (AMAP-Guerrero) - Asamblea Vecinal Nos Queremos Vivas Neza (AVNQVN) - Comité de Defensa de Derechos Humanos “Cholollan” (CDDHC) - Mujeres Guerrerenses por la Democracia, A.C. (MGD) - Aliadas por la Justicia, A.C. (AxJ) - Desarrollo Humano Internacional,A.C.(DHI) - ComunidadRaízZubia,A.C.(CRZ) - Zihuame Xotlametzin,A.C.(ZX)- Asociación Guerrerense Contra la Violencia Hacia las Mujeres, A.C.(AGCVIM, A.C.) - Organización Político Cultural Cleta (OPC Cleta)
andmorethan1350 citizensofseveralcountries...

Belén Omaira Torres Cardenas - Julian Vallejo Morales - Odette Goffard - Jean-Louis Vander Heyden- Olivier Derruine - Eduardo Arias - Dehasse Aline - Alba Lopez Herrera – Uribe Maria Alejandra- Vancollie christophe - Anne Vereecken - Martine Gerardy - Rémi Dekoninck - Pérez Buitrago Heidy Andrea - Alice Legein - Angel Alvarez - Eric Van Buggenhaut - Luis Martinez Andrade -Robert Pierre - Marie Legein - Zoraida Hern ndez P - Marina Granados Londono - Bedoya Orlando -Guthmann Claudio - Elvira Cerda - Sus Van Olmen - Silvia Avalos - Alejandro Ardila – Jairo Nepomuceno Espinosa Guti rrez - Nuria Ferrer - Vogel Laurent - Greta Alegre - Ana Isabel Cortes Fajardo – Polanco Palacio Paula Andrea - Darling Jhulieth Narvaez Corrales - Denis Marie – Diego Sandoval Ochoa - Uribe Ligia - Monica Bastidas - Marisol Vargas - Carmen Diaz - Sebastian Franco -Boutsen Michel - Cec lia Castro - Olivir Derruine - Lemmens Olivia - Garcia Carmen - Ardila Angela Maria - Diego Neira -Plumhans Philippe - Monville Tania - Malena Castrillon - Yaneth Romero Bravo -Nuria Ferrer- Natalia Vanesa Hirtz - Fautr  Sarah - Cerna José  - Kiriaki Spanoudis - Garcia Martinez Ana Marlén - Dubart Emmanuel - Marlly Guarin - Adriana Moreno Cely - Beatriz Elena Villegas -Bourgogne Marie - Vasco Fiorini - Pestieau Jean Delmotte Florence - Mara Coppens – Collin Delphine - Addy Alegria - Thomas Frédéric - Celine Goddefroy - Brenda Lira - Laura Colmenares Guerra -Marie Marlaire - Sonia Pastecchia - Hadrien de Kerchove – Guadalupe Narvaez Corrales –Victorio Romero - Wilmer Amaris Rodriguez – Eliecer Narvaez Corrales – Manuel Narvaez Corrales

Lucile Daumas – Jean Bohémond - Fabien Cohen – Ines Sofia Cardona Parra - Jean-Marc Adolphe-Lansier arnaud - G rard Fenoy - Sergio Leonardo Reyes Porras - Andrea Chacon -Constanza Aristizabal - Londono Yasmin - Wurtz Francis – Juliana Mejia- Christian Rodriguez- Diego Sierra -Isabelle Avers - Ana Cristina Rojas Vergara - Angélica Maria Figueroa - Ivon Mantilla – Pierre Laurent-Paula Martinez - Sanchez Gomez Jorge William - Sierra Laura - Vasquez Ligia – Batriz Castaneda Rubio - Claudia Milena Weissenbach - Jean-Louis Marolleau - Toussaint Marie – Mazure Laurence -Ballesteros Rose - Desvaux Andrée - Marc Verneda - Clara Alvarez - Boccara Sylvain - Christophe Roux - Manon Enrico - Lebœuf Sofia - Mederic Puissant - Fernand Meunier - Hurel Pierre- Jeanne Nelly - Le Gallic Gilliane - Pablo Canales - Edilberto Munoz - Barnab  Lambert - Luis Felipe Pineres Rico - Maxime Combes - Silva Carvalho Cyrielle - Maria jaramillo - Bertrand de Kermel - Leguérinais Patrice - Cortés Juan - Francois Figuet - Vicky Donneys - Guillermo Gonzalez – Dulfary Salamanca - Karl Ytoz - Maria Ibarra – Thebault Bertrand - Florence Tiffou - Wilson L pez Garcia-Deyanira Gonzalias Rodallega- Wurtz Francis -Carlos Arturo Valero - Lagune Raymonde – Camila Ramirez-Garcia Diana - Lebœuf Sofia - Raison Emmanuel

United States:
Palacios – Valentina Espinosa - Nathalia Trejos Reyes - C sar Abadia - Jairo Duque - Luis FW -Diego Villegas –Jorge Saenz - Martha Zarate - Victor Grajales - Sonia Serrato - Hernando Claros - Harold Perlaza

Anny Meneses-Claudia Isabel Infante-Guillermo Alonso-Anton Castro-Morelia montes- Leonor Cortés BolívarJamil Márquez-Viridiana García-Maria Antonia Cruz Montero-Ruth Castellanos- David Gutiérrez-Nallely Sherezada Alvarez Franco-Ana Bertha García-Trejo Dulce-Fabio Vengoechea- Héctor Díaz García-Martha Helena Montoya Vélez

Françoise Vigneron-Jaír Pino-Julián Idrobo-Yulius Le roi-Jimena Uribe - Camilo Garcia Cediel - Angela Useche - Doris Villa - Leila Celis - Olga Lucía Castillo

Liliana Godoy - Angela Barriga - Luz Mary Castano - Romina Casali - Angela Cardella - Juan Herrmann - Silvia Grande - Mariela Kifer - Carmen Mercedes Caceres - Alba Rosa Pereyra - Cristina Erbaro - Mariela Nabergoi - Maria Elisa Monge - Alejandro Irurzun - Monica Haydee Pineiro - Alfredo Leonardo Seydell - Roberto Bardach - Elena Lucca - Maria Elisa Capellino Rosales - Jenny Paola Hurtado Giraldo - Monica Patino - Rosario Beatriz Bracamonte – Veronica Grondona - Pablo Boron -Juan Dukuen - Sandra Serapio - Marcela Fernanda Gutierrez

Ligia Machado-Angelica Mejia Caceres-Martha C Suárez Mutis-Fabiana Campelo-William Alexander Hernández Rueda-Thiago Araújo da Silveira-José Roberto Silva

Roberto Ochoa Dávila - Darwin Matute - Elvia Cely Torres - Dick Sellán-Albeley Rodríguez

AlvaroBarros - MaríaBelandria

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Jane Segleau-Tobias Salazar Fonseca-Enrique Mora Ajoy-Jiddu Rojas Jiménez-Víctor Manuel Aguilar Mora-Marva Spence Sharpe

Juan Trimboli-Maria Luisa Rojas Valenzuela

República Dominicana:

Clara Alfonsina Lavayen Burgoa

Virginia Vargas Valente

El Salvador:

Rafael Duran-Claudia Patricia Garzon Cantor

Greece: Alvaro Perry

Claudio Schuftan

Javier Arjona - Elizabeth Uribe Pinillos - Maria Jose Garcia Berral – Montserrat Canas Gozalo - Javier Orozco Penaranda - Nelly Villegas - Alberto Sanchez - Laura Violeta Ospina Dominguez - Ivan Roberto Forero Robayo - Asdrid Sellan Cely - Eduardo Serrano Tovar - Mireia Rodrigo - Sandra Isabel Reyes Garzon - Maria Isabel Jiménez -Vivian Munoz Rodriguez - Celestino Sanchez - Diana Marcela Escobar Upegui - Emely Arango – Maribel Montoya - Carolina Hernandez Garcia - Ofelia Castillo Pérez - Sara Buraya Boned – Melissa Adriana Torres Giraldo – Maria del Rosario Cifuentes Solarte - Angie Ruiz - Maite Gandulfo -Roc Padro Caminal - Meritxell Lendinez Mart  - Ana Belén Gonzalez Ortigosa – Elahi Mohammad Fazle - Jose Gabriel-Bernal Pinillos -Diana Marcela Escobar Upegui - Emio Ibanez Gomez - Soledad Ordinas Montojo - Ramiro Blanco - Cesar Narvaez -Ana Longoni - Juan Izquierdo Hortal - Anuke Monegal -Constanza Cisneros Sanchez - Juan Sebastian Toro - Pedro José  Gomez Gimenez - Diego Boza Martinez - Raul Lopez - Jorge Avellaneda - Ofelia Castillo Pérez - Lucia Hurtado - Mar M. Nunez - Juan Grajales - Angie Ruiz - Eliana Rojas Bermudez - Marta Cecilia Gomez Alzate – Carolina Torres Topaga -Teresa Canale - Tom Kucharz- Nur Banzi - Nicolas Sanchez – Anabel Torres - Isabel Molina Izquierdo -Cecilia Saiz - Dorys Ardila -Aldo Mendez Camacho – Raul Velasco Fernandez - Juan David Carvajal Ruiz - Sarai Costas - Clara Ponsat  Obiols – Josepa Viader Puga - Sara Casado Jiménez - Lina Gonzalez - Marie Obelleiro -Fenosa Choclan –Montserrat Reny - Javier Avila  Alvarez - Maria Isabel Mosquera.

Carlos Vicente Camelo

Myriam Eugenia Salfelt

Graciela Rojas-Norma Müller

Alessandra Ciurlo-Gloria Mendiola-Doriana Sarli-Irma Moreno-Kemal Pasovic-Stefania Ascari- Francesca Caprini- Stella Malagon-Monica Di Sisto-Paola Andrea Riascos Espana -Anna Camposampiero-Oscar Andres Rodríguez Romero-Mary Delgado-Teresa OConnell-Clersy Christophe

Adriana Sosa - Alejandro Otduz - Francisco Castro - Katharina Barbosa

Omar Arcesio García García - Maria Paula Balcazar Vargas - Karen Muñoz - Martha Cecilia Barco Gomez - Rubria Rono - Itayosara Rojas

Swiss: Cielo Catalina Torres Perez-Adrian Suarez Covarrubias-NAncy Vallejo-Claude Bianchi-Rebeca Borges-Chantal Bianchi-Carlos Angulo-Eliécer Jiménez Julio-Beatriz Corradine-Silva Carvalho Cyrielle

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AnaRojas-StephaniaFigueroaSandoval-MyriamOjeda-LuisTovar-Georgina Turner - Alice

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Colombia: Yuli Perilla - Aleyda Mosquera vivas - Javier Giraldo Pena - Alfredo Prado – Jhon Alexander Castaneda - Jonny Vahos - Piedad Pertuz Molina - Maria Claudia Becerra Trejos -Tania Moreno - Rueda Betsy Milena Montoya - Adolfo Tovar - Laura Rangel - Isabel CristinaBedoya Calvo - Julian Andrés Mallama Ospina - Mauricio Pantoja - Magda Judith Beltran Beltran - Diana Carolina Villalba Ascanio - Nury Ortiz - Lucy del Rosario Carvajal – Gladys Elena Urrea Vargas - Jessica Neira - Bernardo Garcia Quiroga - Isabel Lopez - Angel Maria Salinas –Martha Cec lia Gutierrez Portilla - Jhon Jairo Romero Naranjo - Gladys Montes Hernandez - Edwin Lopez - Ivan de Jesus Higuita C. - Karina Pantoja - Ana Marcela Gomez - Laura Sofia Gutierrez Sarmiento - Willyan Afanador Rojas - Miguel Angel Montenegro Calambas - Gabriel Otalvaro - Astrid Castellanos Correcha - Diana Bermudez – Miguel Orlando Carrillo Ramos - Diego Sepulveda C - Astrid Romero Pérez - Héctor Hern n Gamboa Pinilla - Oscar Hernandez - Edilma Viviana Tejada Ruiz - Lilism Zoraya Sanchez Moreno –Alejandro Elias Bruges Lafaurie - Daniela Corzo Rodriguez - German Martinez – Deisy Isabel Moyano Rojas - Carlos Alberto Pamplona Lopez - Blanca Nubia Hernandez Duque – Elkin Mauricio Torres Lasso - Carolina Madrid - Lorena Guevara - Marcela Navarrete – Pablo Carvajal Gonzalez - Alejandro Orozco - Fernando Munoz - Martha cristancho – Diana Hernandez Guzman - César Torres – Martha Ruiz -Yurany Pena Moreno Martha Cecilia Monroy Pinzon - Karen Sofia Mosquera Gomez - Tatiana Uribe-Edith Vargas Ruiz - Claudia Aragon - Alicia Milena Torres - Lizeth Andrea Reyes - Francia Eliana Mesa -Julian Andrés Parra Pérez - Luz Marina Perez Quintero - Liney Chinchilla Chinchilla - Carlos Jiménez –Fidel Alejandro Llinás Zurita- Adrian Fernando Gonzalez – Heiner Valdés - Yuri Ximena Miranda Delgado - Laura Vivas - Luz Suaza - Valeria Trejos Bedoya - Paula Catalina Espitia Molina -Diana Vivas Mosquera - Vicente Gonzalez - Alejandra Pinilla - Luis Clavijo - Alberto Enrique Ibarra - Carmen Amparo Vivas Munoz - Maria Carolina Prada - Rigoberto Quintero – Lidice Alvarez - Rafael Eduardo Betancurth  Arias - Constanza Carvajal Vargas - Lina Maria Martinez - Luz Dary Lopez Garcia - Jonathan Pantoja - Carlos Martin Isaza Puerta - Yadir Betancur Jiménez - Stephania Pinzon Hernandez - Gloria Esperanza Cachaya Florez - Mara Teresa Nivia - José  Gabriel Navarro Vargas -Maria Alejandra Cardenas – Nicolas Ortiz - Ruth Adiela Pino Molano - Ana Maria Ayala Roman - Betty Mosquera Vivas - Carmen Anachury Diaz – Julieth Correa - Ana Maria Soleibe - Marleny Mosquera Vivas - Roman Rafael Vega Romero – Isabel Castrillon - Edilma Marlen Suarez Castro – Ruby Mosquera Vivas -Stiven Velasquez – Camilo Cifuentes -Juan Carlos Aguado Sepulveda - Sara Del Castillo - Hebert Manuel Benitez Cardozo- Gladys Acevedo - Fernando Valderrama - Monica Pinzon-Nelson Dario Torres Cardenas -Luis Tobon - Fabian Jiménez Acevedo – Lucero Adriana Blanco Zambrano - Abel Angulo -Fernando Duran Espinosa - Lina Salgado - Victor Mosquera - Rubiela Adrada Narvaez – Martin Mosquera Vivas - Luisa Corzo - Evelyn Melissa Alegria Vivas - Carlos Pineda -Maria FernandaLopez Rojas - Sergio Tejeda Consuegra - Zuly Andrea Rodriguez Corredor - Julian VinaVizcaino - Aida Gloria Mera Arroyo - Maria Gutierrez – John Vivas - Luz Mora – Eduard Fabio Osorio Hernandez -Fulton Pua - Juan Gabriel L pez Molina - Eduardo Leon Navarro -Luisa Rubiano -Wilson Herney Mellizo Rojas - Nancy Soto Hurtado – Jhon Balmer - LilianaMosquera - Rocio Lozano Quiroga - Milton Lopez - Bibiana Rodriguez Santos - Rosa CeciliaHurtado - Rosario Rojas - Marcela Vega - Lucas Meneses -Alondra Gonzalez Costa- Leonardo Pérez - Alberto Hugo Soto Hurtado - Edna Mahecha - Cristina Florez Arcila - Jenny Tello - Juliette Pérez Avellaneda - Elba Luz Martinez Aponte -Elizabeth Astaiza Osorio – Marcela Pardo - Sonia Uribe - Deisy Arrubla -Fernando Aguirre – Adriana Millan - Nelson Orlando Pérez Pena - Yadira E. 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Rocio Chalapud Velasco -Gelmun Alexasander Forero Suarez -Rodrigo Gomez Viafara - Julian Cardona – Juan Gabriel Cordoba Obando - Fernanda Pineda -Yoserth Puentes -Luis Alberto Cu llar Mej a- Alejandra Hernandez - Yuli Andrea David Munoz- Carlos Alberto Vasquez -Yeni Yoana Largo Galeano - Jose Olarte – Monica Lisbeth Barbosa Serna - Patheny Buitrago - Quena Ribadeneira - Viridiana Garcia - Ana Maria Gomez Valencia- Renzo Gonzalez A – Angie Solarte Obando - Juan Cordoba -Sebastian Bedoya Sepulveda -Javier Orlando  Alvarez Galeano - Liliana Cardona Raigoza - Gladis Alicia Ramos Zambrano -Diego Serna - Ana Cristina Espitia Castro - Daniel Andrés Arias Jimenez- Wilmer Garcia -Beatriz Elena Pineiro Quintero - Edwison Alberto Rojas Trivino - Sandra Sanchez-Jose Luis Chamorro - Deinawer Jorlano - Gustavo Quesada - Luis Alberto Mosquera Diaz – Juan Sebastian - Céspedes Mendoza - Claudia Maria Tamayo Zapata - Javier Vargas – Giovany Agreda - Beatriz Eugenia Mar n Camargo - Diana Perdomo - Yeimy Quimbaya D az – Camilo Luna – Celia Consuelo Alvarez Ginez - Luis Miranda -José  Santaella - Juan Carlos Velasquez -Daniel Cano - Jhon Esteban Aranda Benavides - Luz Cecilia Imbachi - Alejandra Sarria Moreno- Guillermo Ramos - Maria Sepulveda - Elsa Zarate - Leopoldo Novoa - Luna Herrera – Laura Rios Vega - Anyelo Cuero - William Jimenez - José  Carlos Villegas R. - Laia Rico - Luz Doris Galeano Gomez - Humberto Serrato Hurtado - Mayra Alejandra Rodriguez Holguin -Stephanie Lopez - Maria Teresa Mendez - José  Valencia Gomez - Mercedes Diaz de Bolivar -Lina Marcela Santa Diaz - Nataly Urrego - Felipe coll – Katherine Alexandra Herrera Hernandez - Carlos Rodriguez - Henrry Ibargüen Murillo - Pablo Emilio Herreno Pico – Luz Elena Ramirez Saavedra - Pedro Villarreal - Maria Fernanda Molina - Luis Castro - Miguel F. Lopez Rincon - Esteban Gutiérrez - Claudia Jaramillo - Beatriz E Valencia G- Maura Janeth Castillo -Dilza Leovani Gomez Arcos - Elsa Sofia Sierra Figueroa – Yesica Leon - Nadia Medina- Mercedes Hurtado - Nefer Soffy Zuleta Munoz - Ana Maria Gomez Hincapié – Ana Penaranda - Claudia Fernanda Cifuentes - Martha Elena Huertas Moya – Sergio Cano- Deicy Minotta Hurtado - Jhonn Alexander Cardenas Burgos - Diana Marcela Gonzalez Rodriguez -Armando Collazos - Luisa Hoyos -Jose Ardila - Daniela Jaramillo Mejia – Mayra Alejandra Vanegas - Darwin Santiago Sanchez Cardona –Yeimy Lucia Rocha Nieto - Nicolas Felipe Bueno - Juan Carlos Osorio- Molano - Nayeli Perengueza -Diego Bernal - Sandra Milena Guerrero Villegas - Nubia Bolanos - Gloria Patricia Sarria - Roberto Mahecha – Didier Alfonso Zambrano Castillo - Rocio Melo - Maritzabet Vakrncia - Pastor Ivan giraldo Gomez - Nayarith Castano Palmera - Yulieth Magaly Solarte - Carabali  Juliana - Jesus Hermilso Echeverri Tobin - Mauren Nieto – Yenny Cuero Castillo - Diana Pulido Rodriguez – Claudia Borja -Jenith Eunice Jaramillo Mejia - Martha Isabel Ceron Zuniga - Carol Ortiz Gonzalez -Adriana Henao Giraldo - Anibal Enriquez - Gladys Quintero Isaza - Lorena Calle – Lucelena Arango - James Cortes Iglesias - Luisa Fernanda Yasn  Galindez- Ignacio Prieto- Farley Lopez- Angela Mendez Arias-Ivan Valencia - Carlos Andrés Grisales Tabares – Mauricio Miranda - Lina Galan Pienda - Maria Elicenia Bedoya Orrego - Maria Claudia Uribe Mejia - Ada Faizully Romero Ortiz - Andrés Jaramillo Mejia -Tina Neitzel Diana Ramirez –Leidy Tatiana Tamayo Acosta - Maria Colina - Maria Sofia Rivas - Oscar Reyned Huertas Moya - Maria Camila Guerrero Ortega - Nubia Carranza - Carmen Lavinia Polanco -Mariela Cardenas - Janneth Elena Cardona Zapata - Angélica Alexandra Vasquez Molano – Nelson Jose Grueso -July Villa - Jorge Segura - Silvio Erwin Dvries Arturo - Sylvia Suarez - Maritza Andrea Guarin - Maribel Velasquez - Juan Esteban Sarria -Luis Diaz - José  Ivan Quiroz Lemus – Alejandro Valderrama - 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Diego Diaz - Jhonatan Osorio Hurtado -Jorge Luis Vaca Forero - Jorge Eliecer Fajardo Robles -Lucia Ruiz - Juliana Morillo – Francisco de la Espriella - Eulalia De Valdenebro - Sandra Vanessa Munoz - Paola Andrea Riascos Espana - Monica Burbano -Alvaro José  Leon Coral - Hader Camilo Varon Zapata –Bernardo Madronero - Lorena Chachinoy - Maria José  La Rota Aguilera -Gilberto Burbano – Angel Francisco Ramirez Lopez – C arolina Acosta - Mayra Alejandra Enriquez Ramirez – Ricardo Adolfo  Alvarez Nunez - Fernando Barrero - Edna Rocio Rojas - Oscar Kennedy Mora Sanchez - Edwin Sanchez - Santiago Pineda - Laura Giraldo - Jorge Eliecer Molano - Lourdes Castro Garcia - Deya Susa Monroy -Cristian Rincon - Stephania Molano - Liliana Vargas – Natalia Valencia - Alejandro Molina Izquierdo -Adriana Marcela Lozano Calderon - Isabel D az Contreras - Manuela Lozano - Richard Zambrano - Luz Angela Calderon - William RamirezCarreno - Elcy Rodriguez - Anyel Ingridth Hernandez -Ruth Johana Paez Molano - Milen Hurt– Gilberto Mora Arcos - Andrea A - Raul Molano - Martha Elena Giraldo Mendoza – Mario Alexander Villota Ordonez - Gregorio Blandon Henao -Gustavo Torres - José Ernesto Ramirez- Diana Victoria Valencia Calpa - Monica Sepulveda - Adriana Quiroga -Rosario Montoya Hoyos - Nubia Teresa Baron -Ana Cenet Pardo Rios - Rubel quintero - Jhon Evert Arias Franco- Saul Bernardo Aguiar -Nidya Janeth Vargas - Andrea Villamil - Clemencia Poveda Motta -Maria Sanchez -Carlos Vasquez Martinez - Tatiana Villada - Maria del Carmen Villarreal Perez- Amalia Moncada Mart nez – Gloria Gonzalez - Yessenia Figueroa Bernal – Elizabeth Sepulveda - Eder Manuel Revelo Chavez - Tiery Armando Navarro Salazar - Ingrid Schild - Elizabeth Moreno Alvarez - Mar a Ang lica Barreiro Arroyo - Mariana Vega - Carlos Maestre -Renel Vargas - Julian David Libreros Paredes - Paloma- Rendon - Angelica Pinto Velez – Leila Carolina Chujfi Mejia - Rosa Angélica Montecinos Calderon - Milton Prado -Mariana Gallego Castano - Amparo Moreno - Christian Aguirre - Juan Steban Castillo Cardenas - Karen Melissa Serna - Felipe Sanchez Castano - Ana Irma Carvajal Almario- Reinaldo Villalba Vargas – Lily Lopez- Cesar Diaz -German Romero Sanchez - Fernan Fernandez - Maria Isabel Mesa -Alvaro Javier Buenaventura Rico - Carlos Saenz - Jairo Bedoya - Hector David Suarez Rodriguez - German Zarate Durier - Elsa Coral - Paula Alvarez Roa - Claudia Bernal – Tatiana Roa Avendano – Viviana Vasquez


[1Speech of former international trade commissioner Karel De Gucht, on behalf of the EC to the INTA Committee of the European Parliament before the ratification: “(...) Article 1 of the (free trade) agreement asserts that the respect for democratic principles, the rule of law and fundamental human rights, as laid down in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR), constitutes an”essential element" of the Agreement.

This means that in a situation where a government violates this essential element, the other Parties will be able immediately, unilaterally, and without prior consultation to suspend the benefits of the agreement to another Party. I do not see how this could be expressed more clearly or more strongly. " 42




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