Zagreb-Sarajevo : Resistance in the Balkans as crisis grips the EU

18 May 2012 by Eric Toussaint

Zagreb (Croatia) is the stage for the 5th Subversive Festival being held from 5 to 19 May 2012; this will be followed on 19 and 20 May 2012 by the first “Antifest”, set to take place in Sarajevo (Bosnia Herzegovina). Every evening in Zagreb, as the feature meeting of the day gets underway, the main theatre of the cinema hosting the festival is full to overflowing (600 to 700 people, with another 100 standing in the aisles or sitting on the floor). Among the speakers invited for the evening sessions: Michael Hardt, Tariq Ali, Slavoj Žižek, Saskia Sassen, Samir Amin, Bernard Cassen… Each day the various workshops are attended by a hundred or so participants coming mainly from the Balkans: student activists, union organisers, leaders of citizen associations, NGO representatives, journalists from the alternative media, etc. Among the subjects featured: “What’s wrong with the EU?” , “Resistance movements in Europe”, “Is another Europe possible?”, “The role of the European left”, “Direct or representative government?”, “The long march of protestation: from the Social Forums to the Occupy movement and the Indignados”, “In defence of public goods”, “The current social situation in the Balkans”, “De-industrialisation and worker resistance” (see the complete programme on ). Several films have also been shown, including Catastroika, the latest documentary by Aris Chatzistefanou and Katerina Kitidi, the directors of Debtocracy.

All this has been a great success

The theme of the debt audit and the need to cancel illegitimate public debt stirred up a lively response in the media and the debates.

While 20 years have elapsed since the last European war was fought here, amid the dissolution of Yugoslavia and the restoration of a brutal capitalism, it is encouraging to observe the gradual rebirth of an anti-capitalist movement among Balkan youth and workers – a movement that cultivates internationalism, the refusal of all forms of oppression, the desire to develop different tools for a true democracy, etc. The large majority of organisers – men and women – of this important international meeting are aged between 25 and 40, which is a very good sign.

I spoke on two different panels, one on the theme of the crisis in Europe and the other, in the cinema’s main theatre, on “The long march of protestation: from the Social Forums to the Occupy movement and the Indignados” (together with Bernard Cassen and Samir Amin). In particular I spoke about the ideas presented in the document “Indignadas and Indignados of the World, Unite !”.

For this 5th edition of the Subversive Festival, the organising committee placed the proposal to establish a Balkans social forum on the agenda. The last two days were entirely devoted to the matter. During the opening debates a review was made of the shock policies applied in Romania, Bulgaria, Albania and Bosnia, and the slightly less brutal ones in Slovenia and Croatia. Greece, another Balkan country well represented at the conference, is currently experiencing what the populations of several countries cited above have already gone through. What is new about the Greek situation is that events there are coinciding with a major crisis in the European Union and that a large segment of the Greek people (its urban population and the young, in particular) has reacted by voting for the radical left. Shock therapies and resistance are not peculiar to Greece; on the other hand what is happening in Greece constitutes a possible turning point for big capital’s European integration agenda. However, one cannot fail to notice the flagrant lack of solidarity between European peoples: the Romanians, Bulgarians, Hungarians, and also the Latvians, did not get the international support they should have in facing off the terrible neo-liberal policies being forced upon them (see Damien Millet and Eric Toussaint, AAA, Audit, Annulation Autre politique, Le Seuil, 2012, chapter 6). Actions of solidarity with the Greek people have been more vigorous but remain largely inadequate, and there is not (yet) an authentic European social movement of resistance to neo-liberalism. The European Social Forum has been in a state of crisis since 2008-2009 and is not showing signs of rallying. New initiatives such as the Joint Social Conference (see Résister à la Dictature de la Finance – Reconquérir la Démocratie et les Droits Sociaux !) or the creation of the ICAN network (Citizen Debt Audit Network, see Coordinated efforts in Europe and North Africa to fight against Debt and Austerity) are promising ventures which must be supported and reinforced, but they are very fragile given the neo-liberal offensive and the shock strategy applied in the majority of European countries. It remains to be seen if the Indignados movement which redeployed in Spain on 12 May 2012 will succeed in spreading as it did last year, or if it will take another form. History does not repeat itself, it stammers … Most importantly, it is vital to react, fight and unite to change the balance Balance End of year statement of a company’s assets (what the company possesses) and liabilities (what it owes). In other words, the assets provide information about how the funds collected by the company have been used; and the liabilities, about the origins of those funds. of power between the peoples and the dominating 1%. The Subversive Festival and the Antifest are encouraging landmarks in this struggle.

Une vue de la salle de cinéma à Zagreb où se déroulent les grandes conférences en soirée
Theater in Zagreb during one of the principal evening conference

Translated by Judith Harris and Mike Krolikowski

Eric Toussaint

is a historian and political scientist who completed his Ph.D. at the universities of Paris VIII and Liège, is the spokesperson of the CADTM International, and sits on the Scientific Council of ATTAC France.
He is the author of Greece 2015: there was an alternative. London: Resistance Books / IIRE / CADTM, 2020 , Debt System (Haymarket books, Chicago, 2019), Bankocracy (2015); The Life and Crimes of an Exemplary Man (2014); Glance in the Rear View Mirror. Neoliberal Ideology From its Origins to the Present, Haymarket books, Chicago, 2012, etc.
See his bibliography:
He co-authored World debt figures 2015 with Pierre Gottiniaux, Daniel Munevar and Antonio Sanabria (2015); and with Damien Millet Debt, the IMF, and the World Bank: Sixty Questions, Sixty Answers, Monthly Review Books, New York, 2010. He was the scientific coordinator of the Greek Truth Commission on Public Debt from April 2015 to November 2015.

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