Citizens turn up the volume on troubled TTIP negotiations

21 March 2014 by Corporate Europe Observatory

March 10-14th saw the latest round of the highly controversial EU-US free trade negotiations take place in Brussels. But while the industry’s 50 leading CEO’s, known collectively as the European Roundtable of Industrialists, proclaimed it their responsibility to ensure the deal was passed ’with as little noise as possible’, citizens from both sides of the Atlantic had other, rather noisy (and sometimes milky) ideas for the Belgian capital.

The Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership, or TTIP, has been billed as the greatest, most far-reaching trade deal the world has ever seen, and according to the European Commissioner for Trade, Belgian Karel De Gucht, it is supposed to deliver jobs and growth and pull the EU out of the ongoing economic crisis. However, even his own department’s research has shown this is not the case (watch the awkward silence as De Gucht is confronted with the evidence - below at 06:25-07:06).

Groups on both sides of the Atlantic have come out against the free-trade deal, not just because it will weaken social, environmental and economic safeguards but also because it’s being negotiated in secret between governments and corporations. Negotiating documents, stakeholder contributions, agendas and minutes of meetings with industry – none of these are public. Citizens are being left in the dark, relying on leaks for information.

Fresh milk for breakfast

That’s why, on the morning of Thursday 13th March, hundreds of people gathered outside De Gucht’s office – DG Trade in Brussels – with a clear message: STOP TTIP! Called by the D19-20 Alliance – alongside Alter Summit, Seattle to Brussels, the European ATTAC Network and Blockupy – the protest rally had speakers including US trade union Teamsters, President of Belgian trade union MOC, and farmers from both sides of the Atlantic, including Luc Holland from the Belgian Milk Producers Association (MIG). The story is the same in the US as Europe: TTIP will make farmers compete against each other in a race to the bottom in terms of environmental, health and animal welfare standards. While the EU currently bans chlorine-rinsed chickens, hormone-filled beef or genetically modified organisms Genetically Modified Organisms
Living organisms (plant or animal) which have undergone genetic manipulation in order to modify their characteristics, usually to make them resistant to a herbicide or pesticide. In 2000, GMOs were planted over more than 40 million hectares, three quarters of that being soybeans and maize. The main countries involved in this production are the USA, Argentina and Canada. Genetically modified plants are usually produced intensively for cattle fodder for the rich countries. Their existence raises three problems.

- The health problem. Apart from the presence of new genes whose effects are not always known, resistance to a herbicide implies that the producer will be increasing use of the herbicide. GMO products (especially American soybeans) end up gorged with herbicide whose effects on human health are unknown. Furthermore, to incorporate a new gene, it is associated with an antibiotic-resistant gene. Healthy cells are heavily exposed to the herbicide and the whole is cultivated in a solution with this antibiotic so that only the modified cells are conserved.

- The legal problem. GMOs are only being developed on the initiative of big agro-business transnationals like Monsanto, who are after the royalties on related patents. They thrust aggressively forward, forcing their way through legislation that is inadequate to deal with these new issues. Farmers then become dependent on these firms. States protect themselves as best they can, but often go along with the firms, and are completely at a loss when seed thought not to have been tampered with is found to contain GMOs. Thus, genetically modified rape seed was destroyed in the north of France in May 2000 (Advanta Seeds). Genetically modified maize on 2600 ha in the southern French department of Lot et Garonne was not destroyed in June 2000 (Golden Harvest). Taco Bell corn biscuits were withdrawn from distribution in the USA in October 2000 (Aventis). Furthermore, when the European Parliament voted on the recommendation of 12/4/2000, an amendment outlining the producers’ responsibilities was rejected.

- The food problem. GMOs are not needed in the North where there is already a problem of over-production and where a more wholesome, environmentally friendly agriculture needs to be promoted. They are also useless to the South, which cannot afford such expensive seed and the pesticides that go with it, and where it could completely disrupt traditional production. It is clear, as is borne out by the FAO, that hunger in the world is not due to insufficient production.

For more information see Grain’s website :
, the US wants TTIP to ’harmonise’ standards downwards allowing them in. Likewise, the increased competition and low standards drive out small farmers who want to grow healthy food. This is why, at the end of the action, DG Trade found itself covered in milk provided by farmers within D19-20, highlighting the attack on their ability to make a decent living by producing good quality produce. Despite trying to originally ban the protest from happening due to ’orders from above’ (rumour has it a call from the Commission), the police remained calm.

Commission feeling the heat – and reacting

Those gathered were not only heard in the metaphorical sense, but also literally – following demands of the citizens gathered outside the Trade Commissioner’s office, De Gucht’s head of cabinet came down and met protestors on his behlaf. Another meeting will follow, but it shows that the pressure on the Commission is working and they are being forced to face the public. Noise around the TTIP talks is definitely growing – not just from protests like these, but from all angles. The same week saw a series of conferences and media events on the topic, as well as the two biggest Belgian trade unions, CSC and FGTB, categorically rejecting the treaty. Meanwhile in Germany, the metal workers’ trade union has taken a similar stance and the national government has come out against the’investor-to-state dispute settlement’ (ISDS) system – secret arbitration panels where corporations can sue national governments if they feel their future profits are affected by public-interest Interest An amount paid in remuneration of an investment or received by a lender. Interest is calculated on the amount of the capital invested or borrowed, the duration of the operation and the rate that has been set. policy making, such as a national ban on fracking.

NO FRACKING WAY | How the EU-US trade deal risks expanding fracking in Europe and the US | news release [2014] from SourcedTV on Vimeo.

However, while citizens were calling for an end to TTIP and the close relationship between corporations and our policy makers, the EU lead negotiator Ignacio Garcia Bercero and members of his team were enjoying lunch with the Transatlantic Business Council (TABC – made up of the biggest corporate names in Brussels). The night before, Bercero was also the key speaker at a cocktail party organised by the American Chamber of Commerce. Both groups are also keen advocates of austerity policies and increased privatisation across Europe, seeing TTIP as another tool to increase the power of big business while lowering social and environmental standards. Yet policy makers acting on our behalf engage with them in secret meetings and are taken out to lunch and dinner? In whose interest do they act?

The fight against TTIP – like the fight against austerity – will keep growing in force, as it is resisted on all fronts. D19-20 will be taking the fight directly to Karel De Gucht, the European Commission and our national leaders, as will other movements here in Belgium like the Acteurs des Temps Présents and Alter Summit (Belgium).

Next citizens action to reclaim democracy

The next big fight back in Brussels against corporate-driven free-trade and austerity will be on May 15th as part of a European Week of Action. The European Business Summit - “where Business and Politics Shape the Future” - will be surrounded from 7am, with thousands of us making the message to Karel De Gucht and his cohorts clear: our world is not for sale, no to austerity, no to TTIP. Big business lobbies Lobby
A lobby is an entity organized to represent and defend the interests of a specific group by exerting pressure or influence on persons or institutions that hold power. Lobbying consists in conducting actions aimed at influencing, directly or indirectly, the drafting, application or interpretation of legislative measures, standards, regulations and more generally any intervention or decision by the Public Authorities.
may want to buy and sell democracy as quietly as possible but the volume is being turned up and it’s not going down until we win.


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