America’s Housing Crisis

31 July by Dan La Botz


The United States has a tremendous housing problem. There are not enough houses and apartments. Houses cost too much and apartments are too expensive.



The housing problem affects everyone, especially those with low incomes. Lack of affordable and appropriate housing and the high cost leads to over-crowded housing, poor health, less academic achievement, food insecurity, and at its extreme to eviction and homelessness. Housing should be a right, and what’s needed is a budget of hundreds of billions to build social housing.

Most Americans, 66 percent, own homes, while 27 percent rent. But Black homeownership is only 44%, while for whites it’s 73%. The difference is due in large part to bankers red-lining of Black neighborhoods and denying those who lived there, loans and insurance to buy homes. While now illegal, the practice means that Black people bought few homes and so accumulated less wealth. It was a major contributor to the wealth-gap, so that today the median Black household has $24,000, while the median white household has about $189,000.

Today homeownership is increasingly unattainable because buyers don’t have high enough incomes for the down payment and the monthly mortgage Mortgage A loan made against property collateral. There are two sorts of mortgages:
1) the most common form where the property that the loan is used to purchase is used as the collateral;
2) a broader use of property to guarantee any loan: it is sufficient that the borrower possesses and engages the property as collateral.
. The median home sales price $329,000 in 2020, but rose 32% to $436,800 in March 2023. The rise in prices is putting housing out of reach of many middle class and working-class people.

At the same time almost 90 percent of cities have experienced rent increases and rental prices have gone up by about 9 percent in the last year. The median cost of a one-bedroom apartment last month was $1,504 monthly, but $3,900 in New York City and Los Angles $2,400. Many people are rent burdened, meaning that more than 30% of their income goes to pay the rent. Rising rental prices have meant rising evictions in several major cities such as New York, Houston, and Dallas-Ft. Worth.

Why is housing so expensive? Because not enough homes have been built. The United States needs approximately 7 million homes for low-income families, but builders prefer to build expensive homes for the rich because they are more profitable. They build big-box homes in the suburbs and transform city buildings that once housed two or three families into elegant one-family townhouse. so low-income housing has been neglected

The United States has little public housing and it is largely segregated, not by law but because city governments built public housing in white neighborhoods for white people and in Black neighborhoods for Black people. In big cities like Chicago, Black people often lived in projects in the Black ghetto, while white people could get government subsidized loans and move to the suburbs. Public housing was generally neglected as budgets were cut, while poverty and crime grew in the projects. And the government stopped building public housing. Today there are only about 1.2 million households in public housing which is run by 3,300 local agencies. City governments in places like L.A., San Francisco and Seattle, and state governments in California and New York have created some local programs, but they are not enough.

Without enough housing, and rents so high, many people have become homeless, now about 600,000 nationally. Increasingly working families, women and their children, whose wages are too low become homeless.

Fighting for more housing at lower prices is difficult. The housing business—construction, sales and rentals—is controlled by bankers, developers, builders, and real estate companies. The owners of these businesses exert enormous political influence in city, state, and federal governments and lobby Lobby
Lobbies
A lobby is an entity organized to represent and defend the interests of a specific group by exerting pressure or influence on persons or institutions that hold power. Lobbying consists in conducting actions aimed at influencing, directly or indirectly, the drafting, application or interpretation of legislative measures, standards, regulations and more generally any intervention or decision by the Public Authorities.
to protect their interest Interest An amount paid in remuneration of an investment or received by a lender. Interest is calculated on the amount of the capital invested or borrowed, the duration of the operation and the rate that has been set. . Every city has housing movements that fight for more housing, oppose rising rents and resist evictions. There are also national housing organizations that lobby for federal legislation. The Democratic Socialists of America and other leftists are involved in the housing movement. But we need a large, powerful movement to win social housing, which would lower all rents.


Dan La Botz

is a Brooklyn-based teacher, writer and activist. He is a co-editor of New Politics

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